The Community Child Health Network (CCHN) Phase II research proposes to: (1) advance understanding of the combined biomedical, social, behavioral, and environmental influences on the course of prenatal development, pregnancy outcome, and early child development, particularly in physical growth, respiratory function, and language development. CCHN proposes a 5-site, longitudinal study of 2 integrated cohorts: a Birth Cohort Study of 5250 families (1050 per site) followed by a Subsequent Birth Study (38 percent of mothers expected to have a subsequent live birth). These studies focus on the role of stress and allostatic load, as moderated by resilience and supports, on pregnancy outcome, fetal programming, and child development outcomes of prematurity/intrauterine growth restriction, overweight, asthma, and language and cognitive development;and (2) to develop and document active community participation in all phases of the study through the community based participatory research (CBPR) in the community-academic partnerships (CAPs). The findings are intended to advance theory about the etiology and impact of health disparities related to pregnancy and early childhood outcomes, as well as inform the design of future preventive interventions. Innovative features include: 1) focus on the inter- and pre-conception period;2) combining biomedical and psychosocial indicators and outcomes within an integrated conceptual framework;3) multidisciplinary measures of resilience and supports as well as risks;4) including fathers as integral to both pregnancy and child health outcomes;and 5) a participatory research partnership of the community and university at local sites and the national network. North Carolina persists in having maternal and child health disparities in preterm birth, infant mortality, and access to health care. These poor birth outcomes disproportionately affect families in the predominately rural Eastern part of the state. Partnered together in this community based, multilevel research project will be the UNC Center for Women's Health, the UNC Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research, East Carolina University School of Medicine and School of Health and Human Performance, as well as the Eastern North Carolina Baby Love Plus Project. Eastern NC community partners have participated fully in the research planning and will have crucial roles to play in the initiation, conduct, and analyses, of this cohort study

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Type
Research Project--Cooperative Agreements (U01)
Project #
5U01HD044219-08
Application #
8119632
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZHD1-DSR-M (08))
Program Officer
Willinger, Marian
Project Start
2003-08-01
Project End
2013-06-30
Budget Start
2011-07-01
Budget End
2013-06-30
Support Year
8
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$455,919
Indirect Cost
Name
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill
Department
Obstetrics & Gynecology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
608195277
City
Chapel Hill
State
NC
Country
United States
Zip Code
27599
O'Campo, Patricia; Schetter, Christine Dunkel; Guardino, Christine M et al. (2016) Explaining racial and ethnic inequalities in postpartum allostatic load: Results from a multisite study of low to middle income woment. SSM Popul Health 2:850-858
Guardino, Christine M; Schetter, Christine Dunkel; Saxbe, Darby E et al. (2016) Diurnal salivary cortisol patterns prior to pregnancy predict infant birth weight. Health Psychol 35:625-33
Tanner Stapleton, Lynlee R; Dunkel Schetter, Christine; Dooley, Larissa N et al. (2016) The Community Child Health Network Life Stress Interview: a brief chronic stress measure for community health research. Anxiety Stress Coping 29:352-66
Schetter, Christine Dunkel; Saxbe, Darby; Cheadle, Alyssa et al. (2016) Postpartum Depressive Symptoms Following Consecutive Pregnancies: Stability, Change, and Mechanisms. Clin Psychol Sci 4:909-918
McKinney, Chelsea O; Hahn-Holbrook, Jennifer; Chase-Lansdale, P Lindsay et al. (2016) Racial and Ethnic Differences in Breastfeeding. Pediatrics 138:
Simon, Clarissa D; Adam, Emma K; McKinney, Chelsea O et al. (2016) Breastfeeding, Bed-Sharing, and Maternal Cortisol. Clin Pediatr (Phila) 55:470-8
Straub, Heather; Simon, Clarissa; Plunkett, Beth A et al. (2016) Evidence for a Complex Relationship Among Weight Retention, Cortisol and Breastfeeding in Postpartum Women. Matern Child Health J 20:1375-83
Ramey, Sharon Landesman; Schafer, Peter; DeClerque, Julia L et al. (2015) The Preconception Stress and Resiliency Pathways Model: a multi-level framework on maternal, paternal, and child health disparities derived by community-based participatory research. Matern Child Health J 19:707-19
Saxbe, Darby E; Adam, Emma K; Schetter, Christine Dunkel et al. (2015) Cortisol covariation within parents of young children: Moderation by relationship aggression. Psychoneuroendocrinology 62:121-8
Endres, Loraine K; Straub, Heather; McKinney, Chelsea et al. (2015) Postpartum weight retention risk factors and relationship to obesity at 1 year. Obstet Gynecol 125:144-52

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