Although the prevalence of "family-friendly" policies in US workplaces has increased dramatically in recent years, few have been studied using scientifically sound designs. To address this critical gap, NIH and CDC formed the Work, Family, and Health Network (WFHN). During Phase 1, WFHN designed and conducted multiple pilot and feasibility studies. For Phase 2, the WFHN has been called upon to implement an innovative intervention and to evaluate the intervention using a group randomized experimental design. This application constitutes the University of Minnesota's proposal to serve as a Research Unit in Phase 2 of the WFHN. The goal of the proposed study is to assess the effects of a workplace intervention designed to reduce work-family conflict, and thereby improve the health and well being of employees, their families, and their workplaces. The study intervention is grounded in theory from multiple disciplines and supported by findings from our pilot/feasibility studies on the importance of increasing family-supportive supervisor behaviors and employees'control over work. We will assess the efficacy of the intervention via group randomized field experiments, one at each of two employers representing different industries. Within each industry partner, 30 worksites of 50-120 employees each will be randomly assigned to intervention or usual practice conditions. All employee and supervisor participants will be assessed at baseline and at 6-, 12-, and 18-months post baseline, including survey interviews and health assessments of cardiovascular risk and sleep dysregulation based on selected biomarkers and actigraphy. Employees'spouse/partners and/or child aged 10-17 years will be assessed to document the impact of the intervention on family functioning. In addition, to provide a more detailed perspective on the temporal relationship of work-family conflict and health, a subsample of 500 employee participants and their child will participate in a daily diary assessment including telephone interviews and saliva sampling. Our process evaluation documents details of intervention fidelity, implementation, and dose received by participants. The WFHN will also translate findings to business environments and other public media channels. The study holds great promise for informing the implementation of evidence-based family-friendly policies, and therefore improving the health and well-being of employees and their families nationwide. The Minnesota investigators are uniquely qualified to contribute to the Phase 2 study, bringing sociological expertise in organizational change and in the varying effects of the work environment by employees'gender, age, life stage, race/ethnicity, and health status to the Network. The Minnesota Phase 1 pilot study contributed directly and significantly to the Phase 2 protocol. This team will serve as a critical node in the Network's refinement, implementation, and evaluation of the innovative workplace intervention to be tested.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Type
Research Project--Cooperative Agreements (U01)
Project #
5U01HD051256-07
Application #
8230801
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-HOP-B (50))
Program Officer
Bures, Regina M
Project Start
2005-07-18
Project End
2013-11-30
Budget Start
2011-12-01
Budget End
2012-11-30
Support Year
7
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$982,160
Indirect Cost
$295,567
Name
University of Minnesota Twin Cities
Department
None
Type
Organized Research Units
DUNS #
555917996
City
Minneapolis
State
MN
Country
United States
Zip Code
55455
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Hammer, Leslie B; Ernst Kossek, Ellen; Bodner, Todd et al. (2013) Measurement development and validation of the Family Supportive Supervisor Behavior Short-Form (FSSB-SF). J Occup Health Psychol 18:285-96
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Marino, Miguel; Li, Yi; Rueschman, Michael N et al. (2013) Measuring sleep: accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of wrist actigraphy compared to polysomnography. Sleep 36:1747-55

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