Although the prevalence of "family-friendly" policies in U.S. workplaces has increased dramatically in recent years, few have been studied using scientifically sound designs. To address this critical gap, NIH and CDC Formed the Work, Family, and Health Network (WFHN). During Phase 1, WFHN designed and conducted multiple pilot and feasibility studies. For Phase 2, the WFHN has been called upon to implement an innovative intervention and to evaluate the intervention using a group-randomized experimental design. RTI International is pleased to submit this application to serve as the Data Coordinating Center for the Phase 2 WFHN. The goal of the proposed study is to assess the effects of a workplace intervention designed to reduce work-family conflict, thereby improving the health and well-being of employees, their families, and their workplaces. The study intervention is grounded in theory from multiple disciplines and supported by findings from our pilot/feasibility studies on the importance of increasing .family-supportive supervisor behaviors and employees'control over work. We will assess the efficacy of the intervention via group randomized field experiments, one at each of two employers representing different industries. Within each industry partner, 30 worksites of 50 to120 employees each will be randomly assigned to intervention or usual practice conditions. All employee and supervisor participants will be assessed at baseline and at 6, 12, and 18 months post baseline, including survey interviews and health assessments of cardiovascular risk and sleep dysregulation based on selected biomarkers and actigraphy. Employees'spouses/partners and/or children (one resident child per employee) aged 10 to 17 will be assessed to document the impact of the intervention on family functioning. In addition, to provide a more detailed perspective on the temporal relationship of work-family conflict and health, a subsample of 500 employee participants and their children will participate in a daily diary assessment, including telephone interviews and saliva sampling. Our process evaluation documents details of intervention fidelity, implementation, and dose received by participants. The WFHN will also translate findings to business environments and other public media channels. This study holds great promise for informing the implementation of evidence-based family-friendly policies and, therefore, for improving the health and well-being of employees and their families nationwide.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Type
Research Project--Cooperative Agreements (U01)
Project #
5U01HD051276-07
Application #
8220985
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-HOP-B (50))
Program Officer
Bures, Regina M
Project Start
2005-08-03
Project End
2013-11-30
Budget Start
2011-12-01
Budget End
2012-11-30
Support Year
7
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$1,835,985
Indirect Cost
$501,704
Name
Research Triangle Institute
Department
Type
DUNS #
004868105
City
Research Triangle
State
NC
Country
United States
Zip Code
27709
Ostler, Michael W; Porter, James H; Buxton, Orfeu M (2014) Dried blood spot collection of health biomarkers to maximize participation in population studies. J Vis Exp :e50973
Crain, Tori L; Hammer, Leslie B; Bodner, Todd et al. (2014) Work-family conflict, family-supportive supervisor behaviors (FSSB), and sleep outcomes. J Occup Health Psychol 19:155-67
Marino, Miguel; Li, Yi; Pencina, Michael J et al. (2014) Quantifying cardiometabolic risk using modifiable non-self-reported risk factors. Am J Prev Med 47:131-40
Hammer, Leslie B; Ernst Kossek, Ellen; Bodner, Todd et al. (2013) Measurement development and validation of the Family Supportive Supervisor Behavior Short-Form (FSSB-SF). J Occup Health Psychol 18:285-96
Liu, Siwei; Rovine, Michael J; Klein, Laura Cousino et al. (2013) Synchrony of diurnal cortisol pattern in couples. J Fam Psychol 27:579-88
Marino, Miguel; Li, Yi; Rueschman, Michael N et al. (2013) Measuring sleep: accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of wrist actigraphy compared to polysomnography. Sleep 36:1747-55
Ertel, Karen A; Berkman, Lisa F; Buxton, Orfeu M (2011) Socioeconomic status, occupational characteristics, and sleep duration in African/Caribbean immigrants and US White health care workers. Sleep 34:509-18
Hammer, Leslie B; Kossek, Ellen Ernst; Anger, W Kent et al. (2011) Clarifying work-family intervention processes: the roles of work-family conflict and family-supportive supervisor behaviors. J Appl Psychol 96:134-50
Ertel, Karen A; Koenen, Karestan C; Berkman, Lisa F (2008) Incorporating home demands into models of job strain: findings from the work, family, and health network. J Occup Environ Med 50:1244-52