The purpose of this grant is to support the scientific and clinical activities of Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) by providing necessary infrastructure to the CALGB program at The Ohio State University (OSU). The multi-disciplinary collaborative research approach at OSU has a track record of providing more effective methods of prevention, detection and treatment of adult cancer, with a particular focus on breast, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, hematologic, and respiratory malignancies. This research focuses the efforts of medical, hematologic, surgical and radiation oncologists, transplanters, psychiatrists, pathologists, cytogeneticists, translational and basic laboratory scientists, statisticians, epidemiologists, nurses, pharmacists, and clinical research coordinators on well designed and conducted studies asking interrelated clinical and basic science questions whose answers contribute importantly to patient care and to reduction of cancer in populations at increased risk. This project includes the: 1) study of new therapeutic agents, and their toxicities, in Phase I, II and III clinical trials;2) evaluation of efficacy and toxicity of new regimens including combinations of new and old agents in an effort to exploit synergistic combinations more effectively;3) development of multi-modal approaches to specific tumor problems using surgical, immunological and radiotherapeutic measures in optimal combinations;4) involvement of pertinent basic science disciplines such as molecular genetics, biochemistry, pharmacology, immunology, and biostatistics in the design and execution of specific therapy protocols;5) improvement of cancer care in the community by using these protocols to educate pre- and post-doctoral students, nurses, allied medical personnel and physicians, 6) evaluation of biologic studies in correlation with clinical endpoints to develop more rationally based cancer management, 7) evaluation of cancer controls efforts such as early detection, and 8) study of the psycho-social aspects of cancer. Under the overall coordination of Clara D. Bloomfield, M.D., OSU contributes to CALGB activities through patient accrual to protocols, development and leadership of research protocols, leadership and participation in the scientific and administrative committees of CALGB, housing of multiple CALGB core labs and facilities, CALGB meeting participation and authorship on Group publications. In addition, OSU performs institutional pilots and provides lab data that lead to new CALGB studies. Support of this program should increase our ability to prevent, detect, treat and cure adult cancer and improve the quality of life of cancer survivors.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Cooperative Clinical Research--Cooperative Agreements (U10)
Project #
5U10CA077658-15
Application #
8248037
Study Section
Subcommittee G - Education (NCI)
Program Officer
Mooney, Margaret M
Project Start
1998-04-16
Project End
2015-03-31
Budget Start
2012-04-01
Budget End
2013-03-31
Support Year
15
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$487,632
Indirect Cost
$168,014
Name
Ohio State University
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
832127323
City
Columbus
State
OH
Country
United States
Zip Code
43210
Niederwieser, C; Kohlschmidt, J; Volinia, S et al. (2015) Prognostic and biologic significance of DNMT3B expression in older patients with cytogenetically normal primary acute myeloid leukemia. Leukemia 29:567-75
Alachkar, Houda; Santhanam, Ramasamy; Maharry, Kati et al. (2014) SPARC promotes leukemic cell growth and predicts acute myeloid leukemia outcome. J Clin Invest 124:1512-24
Wetzler, Meir; Watson, Dorothy; Stock, Wendy et al. (2014) Autologous transplantation for Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia achieves outcomes similar to allogeneic transplantation: results of CALGB Study 10001 (Alliance). Haematologica 99:111-5
Heist, Rebecca S; Wang, Xiaofei; Hodgson, Lydia et al. (2014) CALGB 30704 (Alliance): A randomized phase II study to assess the efficacy of pemetrexed or sunitinib or pemetrexed plus sunitinib in the second-line treatment of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. J Thorac Oncol 9:214-21
Smith, Matthew R; Halabi, Susan; Ryan, Charles J et al. (2014) Randomized controlled trial of early zoledronic acid in men with castration-sensitive prostate cancer and bone metastases: results of CALGB 90202 (alliance). J Clin Oncol 32:1143-50
Kolitz, Jonathan E; George, Stephen L; Benson Jr, Don M et al. (2014) Recombinant interleukin-2 in patients aged younger than 60 years with acute myeloid leukemia in first complete remission: results from Cancer and Leukemia Group B 19808. Cancer 120:1010-7
Whitman, S P; Kohlschmidt, J; Maharry, K et al. (2014) GAS6 expression identifies high-risk adult AML patients: potential implications for therapy. Leukemia 28:1252-8
Du, Juan; Lopez-Verges, Sandra; Pitcher, Brandelyn N et al. (2014) CALGB 150905 (Alliance): rituximab broadens the antilymphoma response by activating unlicensed NK cells. Cancer Immunol Res 2:878-89
Shulman, Lawrence N; Berry, Donald A; Cirrincione, Constance T et al. (2014) Comparison of doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide versus single-agent paclitaxel as adjuvant therapy for breast cancer in women with 0 to 3 positive axillary nodes: CALGB 40101 (Alliance). J Clin Oncol 32:2311-7
Rizzieri, David A; Johnson, Jeffrey L; Byrd, John C et al. (2014) Improved efficacy using rituximab and brief duration, high intensity chemotherapy with filgrastim support for Burkitt or aggressive lymphomas: cancer and Leukemia Group B study 10 002. Br J Haematol 165:102-11

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