The objective of this application is for Wayne State University (WSU) to continue as a Maternal-Fetal Medicine Unit (MFMU) network site. With respect to academic productivity in the MFMU network WSU is ranked in the middle for patient recruitment and retention/completion, and 5.5 in adherence/data quality, with 100% 12 and 24 months infant follow-up in the TSH trial. WSU contributed a disproportionately high number (21%) of African American patients enrolled, by the 14 MFMU centers, to the 2 RCTs initiated in the current funding cycle. The WSU Principal Investigator participated in Committees and Subcommittees, and contributed to research development and design of the TSH protocol. WSU investigators submitted 10 proposals and first authored 6 MFMU publications. The WSU MFMU team achieved the objectives with highly qualified leadership that has knowledge and experience in research design, and collaboration in multicenter randomized clinical trials, experienced research staff, in the presence of extensive research infrastructure. The WSU Principal Investigator increased his protected time to 50%, dedicated to MFMU related activities, and is adding 2 sites, which will increase the patient population available at WSU for MFMU recruitment by 70% to 9418 deliveries/year. Health care providers in the 3 sites are required to provide access to all patients for screening and enrollment to research studies. Maternal-fetal staff, including 13 faculty and 7 fellows, are very productive with 265 peer-reviewed publications, and contribution to 11 non-MFMU studies of cooperative or multicenter design. WSU has been a center in the NICHD Neonatal Research Network since 1986. The large high quality perinatal data system assisted in writing this application, and has a unique notification system for MFMU research nurses of MFMU enrolled patients. Special strengths include faculty with experience in research administration, the Mott center for research, and the NICHD Perinatology Research Branch. The central hypothesis of our concept proposal is that treatment with azithromycin will reduce the risk of spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB) among women that (Uu) undergo mid-trimester genetic amniocentesis for clinical indications, and have Ureaplasma urealyticum detected in amniotic fluid, by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The concept proposal is a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled, multicenter trial. The proposed research is innovative. Results could change practice, by providing a strong foundation for routine PCR testing of AF obtained during amniocentesis for clinical indications, administration of antibiotics, and reduction in PTB. The research proposal is expected to reduce PTB and improve the health of pregnant women their neonates.

Public Health Relevance

): Preterm birth accounts for 70% of neonatal deaths and 50% of long-term neurological poor outcomes in children. This proposal is relevant to maternal-fetal health because it may change management of pregnant women by healthcare providers, and result in reduction of preterm births.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Cooperative Clinical Research--Cooperative Agreements (U10)
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Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZHD1-DRG-D (SY))
Program Officer
Ilekis, John V
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Wayne State University
Obstetrics & Gynecology
Schools of Medicine
United States
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Blackwell, Sean C; Landon, Mark B; Mele, Lisa et al. (2016) Relationship Between Excessive Gestational Weight Gain and Neonatal Adiposity in Women With Mild Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. Obstet Gynecol 128:1325-1332
Basraon, Sanmaan K; Mele, Lisa; Myatt, Leslie et al. (2016) Relationship of Early Pregnancy Waist-to-Hip Ratio versus Body Mass Index with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Insulin Resistance. Am J Perinatol 33:114-21
Harper, Lorie M; Mele, Lisa; Landon, Mark B et al. (2016) Carpenter-Coustan Compared With National Diabetes Data Group Criteria for Diagnosing Gestational Diabetes. Obstet Gynecol 127:893-8
Grobman, William A; Lai, Yinglei; Iams, Jay D et al. (2016) Prediction of Spontaneous Preterm Birth Among Nulliparous Women With a Short Cervix. J Ultrasound Med 35:1293-7
Bailit, Jennifer L; Grobman, William A; Rice, Madeline Murguia et al. (2016) Evaluation of delivery options for second-stage events. Am J Obstet Gynecol 214:638.e1-638.e10
Grobman, William A; Bailit, Jennifer; Lai, Yinglei et al. (2016) Association of the Duration of Active Pushing With Obstetric Outcomes. Obstet Gynecol 127:667-73
Langen, Elizabeth S; Weiner, Steven J; Bloom, Steven L et al. (2016) Association of Cervical Effacement With the Rate of Cervical Change in Labor Among Nulliparous Women. Obstet Gynecol 127:489-95
Gyamfi-Bannerman, Cynthia; Thom, Elizabeth A; Blackwell, Sean C et al. (2016) Antenatal Betamethasone for Women at Risk for Late Preterm Delivery. N Engl J Med 374:1311-20
Caritis, Steve N; Feghali, Maisa N; Grobman, William A et al. (2016) What we have learned about the role of 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate in the prevention of preterm birth. Semin Perinatol 40:273-80
Yee, Lynn M; Sandoval, Grecio; Bailit, Jennifer et al. (2016) Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes With Early Compared With Delayed Pushing Among Nulliparous Women. Obstet Gynecol 128:1039-1047

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