The objective of this project (2) is to characterize essential correlates of chlamydial infection of the human reproducfive tract jn the human reproductive tract. This will prime effective translational research through the identificafion and characterizafion of chlamydial anfigens of relevance to vaccine development and of physiologic or pathogenefic mechanisms that are at play in the complex, natural environment of the female genital tract and provide targets for possible chemotherapeutic intervenfion. The project involves extensive collaboration with the complementary projects 1 and 3 of the CRC and will rely on Cores B, C and D for the provision of guinea pig and human sera and swabs, and biostafistical analysis of the results, respectively. In a first phase, the virulence of C. trachomatis and C. cawae genital isolates will be quantified in relafionship to genome sequence type and reproductive tract ecology using a pafient cohort representative of genital chlamydial disease in humans. Virulence will be measured using genomic doubling, infecfious yield, inclusion fusogenicity and pathology as measurable physiological/pathogenic traits or endpoints, and using biomathemafical modeling of Intracellular development and correlated pathology. A second phase of the research will be to investigate in relationship to genome sequence type and reproducfive tract ecology the funcfional diversity of two gene families of C. trachomatis and C. caviae encoding inclusion membrane proteins (Inc) and effector proteins of the virulence-associated type III secretion (T3S) system that are targets for possible chemotherapeutic intervention. The developmental expression of selected inc and T3S effector genes in variants of C. trachomatis and C. cawae will be characterized and subcellular and molecular targets of variant Inc and T3S effector proteins will be identified. Finally, the diversity of the vaccine target pmp gene family and Pmp-specific antibody responses in C. /rac/7omaf/s-infected patients and C. cawae-infected guinea pigs will be investigated in relationship to genome sequence type and reproducfive tract ecology. This will be achieved through characterization of the developmental expression of pmp genes in variants of C. trachomatis and C. cawae, profiling the high frequency on/off switching of Pmp expression in selected variants and performing cross-sectional and longitudinal invesfigafions of the Pmp-specific anfibody response comparatively in infected humans and guinea pigs.

Public Health Relevance

Chlamydial infection are a major health risk to young sexually acfive women and can results in serious condifions such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) a cause of infertility in women. Studies on Chlamydial infecfions have focused on the pathogen itself. It is becoming increasingly evident that the microbes that inhabit the vagina play a critical protective role. We will examine how the vaginal microbiota reacts to Chlamydial infections and treatments in order to provide a new view of the infectious process.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Type
Research Program--Cooperative Agreements (U19)
Project #
5U19AI084044-04
Application #
8380420
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1-MMT-M)
Project Start
2012-09-01
Project End
2014-08-31
Budget Start
2012-09-01
Budget End
2013-08-31
Support Year
4
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$403,000
Indirect Cost
$135,211
Name
University of Maryland Baltimore
Department
Type
DUNS #
188435911
City
Baltimore
State
MD
Country
United States
Zip Code
21201
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Breshears, Laura M; Edwards, Vonetta L; Ravel, Jacques et al. (2015) Lactobacillus crispatus inhibits growth of Gardnerella vaginalis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae on a porcine vaginal mucosa model. BMC Microbiol 15:276
Nunn, Kenetta L; Wang, Ying-Ying; Harit, Dimple et al. (2015) Enhanced Trapping of HIV-1 by Human Cervicovaginal Mucus Is Associated with Lactobacillus crispatus-Dominant Microbiota. MBio 6:e01084-15

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