Memory B cells are key contributors to the indiction and maintenance of humoral immunity. Characterization of the memory B cells response to SIV will be important in an vaccine strategy to elicit a neutralizing antibody response. In this research application we propose to develop reagents to specifically identify macaque memory B cell populations. In proof of principle studies we have produced monoclonal lamprey VLR antibodies that are specific for memory B cells in humans. We propose to develop novel monoclonal VLR antibodies to macaque memory B cells. Unlike mammalian antibodies, the VLR antibodies of the jawless sea lampreys utilize leucine-rich repeats as basic structural units. The radically different protein architecture combined with the large evolutionary distance ofthe sea lamprey allows VLR antibodies to be made that recognize antigenic structures which are not detetcted by mammalian immunoglobulin-based antibodies for structural or tolerogenic reasons. To generate monoclonal VLR antibodies, we will immunize sea lamprey larvae with purified primary B cells or B cell lines. VLR antibody expression libraries will be screened by flow cytometry and monoclonal VLR antibodies that specifically interact with memory B cells or subpopulations thereof will be used as affinity reagents to identify the antigen recognized by the VLR antibody. The VLR antibodies from this core will be provided to research groups to analyze the memory B cell responses to vaccination or SIV challenge. In a complementary approach, we will generate conventional mammalian monoclonal antibodies to FCRL4, an immunoreceptor that In humans is expressed by a subpopulation of mucosa associated memory B cells with enrichment in antibody specificity for the HIV gp120 protein. A fusion protein consisting ofthe extracellular domain of FCRL4 fused to the Fc-domain of IgG will serve as the immunogen and the specific monoclonal antibodies will be identified by flow cytometry. The long term goal of these studies is to generate novel reseach reagents that will facilitate the analysis of memory B cells responding to SIV challenge or vaccination.
The goal of this project is generation of novel monoclonal antibodies that allow identification of memory B cells responding to vaccination or infection with pathogens. These studies will aid in the generation and evaluation of vaccines that can elicit protective antibody production.
|Yang, Rendong; Bai, Yun; Qin, Zhaohui et al. (2014) EgoNet: identification of human disease ego-network modules. BMC Genomics 15:314|
|Derdeyn, Cynthia A; Moore, Penny L; Morris, Lynn (2014) Development of broadly neutralizing antibodies from autologous neutralizing antibody responses in HIV infection. Curr Opin HIV AIDS 9:210-6|
|Basu, Debby; Xiao, Peng; Ende, Zachary et al. (2014) Low antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity responses in Zambians prior to HIV-1 intrasubtype C superinfection. Virology 462-463:295-8|
|Magri, Giuliana; Miyajima, Michio; Bascones, Sabrina et al. (2014) Innate lymphoid cells integrate stromal and immunological signals to enhance antibody production by splenic marginal zone B cells. Nat Immunol 15:354-64|
|Yu, Tianwei; Jones, Dean P (2014) Improving peak detection in high-resolution LC/MS metabolomics data using preexisting knowledge and machine learning approach. Bioinformatics 30:2941-8|
|Li, Shuzhao; Rouphael, Nadine; Duraisingham, Sai et al. (2014) Molecular signatures of antibody responses derived from a systems biology study of five human vaccines. Nat Immunol 15:195-204|
|Romberg, Neil; Chamberlain, Nicolas; Saadoun, David et al. (2013) CVID-associated TACI mutations affect autoreactive B cell selection and activation. J Clin Invest 123:4283-93|
|Li, Shuzhao; Nakaya, Helder I; Kazmin, Dmitri A et al. (2013) Systems biological approaches to measure and understand vaccine immunity in humans. Semin Immunol 25:209-18|
|Pulendran, Bali; Oh, Jason Z; Nakaya, Helder I et al. (2013) Immunity to viruses: learning from successful human vaccines. Immunol Rev 255:243-55|
|Cerutti, Andrea; Cols, Montserrat; Puga, Irene (2013) Marginal zone B cells: virtues of innate-like antibody-producing lymphocytes. Nat Rev Immunol 13:118-32|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 20 publications