We propose to build a collaborative database of Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) of breast cancer with over 15,000 cases of European ancestry, and appropriate controls, and impute >2.5 million imputed HapmapS SNPs for these cases and controls. We will then rank all genotyped and imputed SNPs based their P values for association with (a) total breast cancer (b) breast cancer at age <50 (primarily based on 3,200 cases and 3,200 controls scanned in the Breast Cancer Family Registry (BCFR)) and (c) women with ER-negative breast cancer (primarily based on 1,600 cases and 1,600 controls scanned in the NCI Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium (BPC3) Based on these results we will perform replication studies in two large-scale Consortia (a) cohorts in the BCP3 and (b) case-control studies in the Breast Cancer Association Consortium (BCAC). In the BPC3 we propose to expand the current six component cohorts (13,500 cases and an equal number of controls) by collaborating with the Women's Health Initiative (4,500 cases and 4,500 controls) to increase the BPC3 sample size to 18,000 cases and 18,000 controls. To narrow the interval of linkage disequilibrium observed at each locus we will collaborate with large pooled GWAS of breast cancer in women with African ancestry (n=2,500 cases and 2,500 controls) and Asian ancestry (n=3,500 cases and 3,500 controls). Building on this trans-ethnic collaborative effort and on the resequencing data from the 1,000 Genomes Project, we will choose SNPs for fine mapping of the loci identified in the previous aims, in 10,000 further European ancestry cases and 10,000 controls, and an additional 3,500 Asian cases and 3,500 controls, in order to narrow the number of variants for which evidence of function will be sought in sub-Project 2.
This project will aid in the systematic discovery and replication of germline genetic variants that are associated with risk of breast cancer. Initially a genetic locus will be identified, and then from a large number of variants at the locus, one or a small number of variants with the strongest associations will be identified. These can be investigated in Project 2 of this proposal and may eventually lead to better prevention and treatment strategies for breast cancer, which is expected to kill over 40,000 U.S. women in 2009. These variants will also be examined for gene-gene interaction, gene-environment interaction, and their contribution to risk prediction algorithms in Project 3.
|Dite, Gillian S; MacInnis, Robert J; Bickerstaffe, Adrian et al. (2016) Breast Cancer Risk Prediction Using Clinical Models and 77 Independent Risk-Associated SNPs for Women Aged Under 50 Years: Australian Breast Cancer Family Registry. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 25:359-65|
|Easton, Douglas F; Lesueur, Fabienne; Decker, Brennan et al. (2016) No evidence that protein truncating variants in BRIP1 are associated with breast cancer risk: implications for gene panel testing. J Med Genet 53:298-309|
|Painter, Jodie N; O'Mara, Tracy A; Marquart, Louise et al. (2016) Genetic Risk Score Mendelian Randomization Shows that Obesity Measured as Body Mass Index, but not Waist:Hip Ratio, Is Causal for Endometrial Cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 25:1503-1510|
|Wen, Wanqing; Shu, Xiao-Ou; Guo, Xingyi et al. (2016) Prediction of breast cancer risk based on common genetic variants in women of East Asian ancestry. Breast Cancer Res 18:124|
|Darabi, Hatef; Beesley, Jonathan; Droit, Arnaud et al. (2016) Fine scale mapping of the 17q22 breast cancer locus using dense SNPs, genotyped within the Collaborative Oncological Gene-Environment Study (COGs). Sci Rep 6:32512|
|Bonilla, Carolina; Lewis, Sarah J; Martin, Richard M et al. (2016) Pubertal development and prostate cancer risk: Mendelian randomization study in a population-based cohort. BMC Med 14:66|
|(2016) PALB2, CHEK2 and ATM rare variants and cancer risk: data from COGS. J Med Genet 53:800-811|
|Han, Mi-Ryung; Long, Jirong; Choi, Ji-Yeob et al. (2016) Genome-wide association study in East Asians identifies two novel breast cancer susceptibility loci. Hum Mol Genet 25:3361-3371|
|Karami, Sara; Han, Younghun; Pande, Mala et al. (2016) Telomere structure and maintenance gene variants and risk of five cancer types. Int J Cancer 139:2655-2670|
|(2016) Functional mechanisms underlying pleiotropic risk alleles at the 19p13.1 breast-ovarian cancer susceptibility locus. Nat Commun 7:12675|
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