The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston (UTMB) has been Involved in response to the Deepwater Horizon disaster since May 2010. Multiple discussions with community groups have revealed primary concerns over lack of knowledge regarding the safety of petrogenic polycyclic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the oil and long-term effects on the food web and human health. Concerns are increased since many families not only subsist on Gulf seafood but also rely on its harvest for financial support. This proposal thus seeks to understand the long-term health effects from contamination of the Gulf by oil, with emphasis on finfish and shellfish and potential effects in humans consuming them. The CODC embraces a Community-Based Participatory Research approach, actively involving communities in all activities. The CODC includes community groups from LA, AL and MS, UTMB, the University of Pennsylvania, Texas A&M University at Galveston, LA State University, and the University of AZ. Its goal is to serve as the mechanism for bidirectional communication among community partners, scientists, local health officials, policy makers, and the greater public. The CODC will utilize scientific findings to create programs in outreach, intervention, and education to increase the resiliency of affected communities.
Specific aims i nclude: 1) Develop CODC network based on previous disaster recovery interventions 2) Develop and maintain the Stakeholder Advisory Board as the mechanism for bidirectional communication among community stakeholders and academic consortium members;3) Develop methods for outreach, intervention, and education based upon scientific findings related to risk assessment, risk management, and risk communication;4) Develop methods to translate and disseminate findings to the broader public;5) Translate findings from the Project 1 investigation of the inherent/traditional community resilience in affected communities and utilize them to build community resiliency capacity;6) Develop strategies to provide answers to health-related questions from impacted individuals or communities;and 7) Evaluate study processes and results to determine success in reducing vulnerability and increasing the resilience of communities involved.

Public Health Relevance

Proposed research will benefit residents of the Gulf Coast communities economically dependent harvesting seafood. The results of the proposed research will ascertain whether seafood caught locally contaminated by the oil spill and unfit for human consumption, or is in fact safe to eat. The findings will be communicated to the community partners, research scientists, local health officials, policy makers, and the greater public through outreach efforts and dissemination.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
Type
Research Program--Cooperative Agreements (U19)
Project #
5U19ES020676-04
Application #
8663265
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZES1-LWJ-J)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2014-05-01
Budget End
2015-04-30
Support Year
4
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$301,065
Indirect Cost
$90,624
Name
University of Texas Medical Br Galveston
Department
Type
DUNS #
800771149
City
Galveston
State
TX
Country
United States
Zip Code
77555
Croisant, Sharon A; Lin, Yu-Li; Shearer, Joseph J et al. (2017) The Gulf Coast Health Alliance: Health Risks Related to the Macondo Spill (GC-HARMS) Study: Self-Reported Health Effects. Int J Environ Res Public Health 14:
Huang, Meng; Mesaros, Clementina; Hackfeld, Linda C et al. (2017) Potential Metabolic Activation of a Representative C4-Alkylated Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Retene (1-Methyl-7-isopropyl-phenanthrene) Associated with the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in Human Hepatoma (HepG2) Cells. Chem Res Toxicol 30:1093-1101
Huang, Meng; Mesaros, Clementina; Hackfeld, Linda C et al. (2017) Potential Metabolic Activation of Representative Alkylated Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons 1-Methylphenanthrene and 9-Ethylphenanthrene Associated with the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in Human Hepatoma (HepG2) Cells. Chem Res Toxicol 30:2140-2150
Al-Ansari, Ebrahim M A S; Abdel-Moati, Mohamed A R; Yigiterhan, Oguz et al. (2017) Mercury accumulation in Lethrinus nebulosus from the marine waters of the Qatar EEZ. Mar Pollut Bull 121:143-153
Huang, Meng; Mesaros, Clementina; Zhang, Suhong et al. (2016) Potential Metabolic Activation of a Representative C2-Alkylated Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon 6-Ethylchrysene Associated with the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in Human Hepatoma (HepG2) Cells. Chem Res Toxicol 29:991-1002
Huang, Meng; Zhang, Li; Mesaros, Clementina et al. (2015) Metabolism of an Alkylated Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon 5-Methylchrysene in Human Hepatoma (HepG2) Cells. Chem Res Toxicol 28:2045-58
Abramson, David M; Grattan, Lynn M; Mayer, Brian et al. (2015) The resilience activation framework: a conceptual model of how access to social resources promotes adaptation and rapid recovery in post-disaster settings. J Behav Health Serv Res 42:42-57
Huang, Meng; Zhang, Li; Mesaros, Clementina et al. (2014) Metabolism of a representative oxygenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) phenanthrene-9,10-quinone in human hepatoma (HepG2) cells. Chem Res Toxicol 27:852-63