The Veterans Aging Cohort Study (VACS) is the largest HIV cohort in the North America (40,594). It includes a nested, consented 8 site sample (VACS 8) of 3,660 HIV infected (HIV+) veterans demographically matched to 3652 uninfected veterans (HIV-) which has longitudinal in-depth data spanning nearly 10 years on alcohol, substance use, and health and behavioral outcomes. Of the HIV+ subjects in VACS 8, 63% drink alcohol and 32% have unhealthy alcohol use. Because VACS includes uninfected comparators, we are able to characterize the role of HIV infection in alcohol associated outcomes. VACS include large well characterized samples of understudied, but important subgroups: middle aged and older individuals, people of color, Black men who have sex with men, those with HCV infection (HCV+). We propose to enroll more women and those new to care. We have conducted observational research, and limited operations modeling and intervention studies within VACS focused on the role of alcohol in determining modifiable outcomes among HIV+/-. We have a national network of investigators and a highly effective Coordinating Center at the West Haven VA Medical Center. Our group has produced >100 widely cited, publications. We are proud of the education and career development support we have offered, but VACS funding for alcohol research ends September 2011. We propose to transform VACS into the Consortium to improve OutcoMes in HIV/Aids, Alcohol, Aging, and multi-Substance use (COMpAAAS) by 1) expanding our work in intervention and operations modeling while maintaining excellence in observational data analyses, 2) Converting our clinic based observational study into an Interactive Web Based Laboratory and providing administrative and methodological support to our network of investigators, and 3) Tapping our network of collaborators in North America and Europe to validate and extend our findings. Our consortium mission is to incrementally build and disseminate the evidence needed to optimize health care for HIV+ harmed by alcohol, multisubstance use, HCV, and depression through strategically coordinated, integrated, and externally validated observation, operations modeling, and intervention studies.

Public Health Relevance

We propose to organize a collaboration of research experts, clinicians, patients, and policy makers into the Consortium to improve OutcoMes in HIV/AIDS (COMpAAAS). Our mission is to provide new knowledge to improve the health care of HIV infected persons harmed by alcohol and related conditions (multisubstance use, HCV, and depression) through insights from observation, intervention, and simulation modeling.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Resource-Related Research Projects--Cooperative Agreements (U24)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZAA1-DD (04))
Program Officer
Roach, Deidra
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Yale University
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
New Haven
United States
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Althoff, Keri N; Rebeiro, Peter F; Hanna, David B et al. (2016) A picture is worth a thousand words: maps of HIV indicators to inform research, programs, and policy from NA-ACCORD and CCASAnet clinical cohorts. J Int AIDS Soc 19:20707
Klein, Marina B; Althoff, Keri N; Jing, Yuezhou et al. (2016) Risk of End-Stage Liver Disease in HIV-Viral Hepatitis Coinfected Persons in North America From the Early to Modern Antiretroviral Therapy Eras. Clin Infect Dis 63:1160-1167
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Rentsch, Christopher; Tate, Janet P; Akgün, Kathleen M et al. (2016) Erratum to: Alcohol-Related Diagnoses and All-Cause Hospitalization Among HIV-Infected and Uninfected Patients: A Longitudinal Analysis of United States Veterans from 1997 to 2011. AIDS Behav 20:565
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Rentsch, Christopher; Tate, Janet P; Akgün, Kathleen M et al. (2016) Alcohol-Related Diagnoses and All-Cause Hospitalization Among HIV-Infected and Uninfected Patients: A Longitudinal Analysis of United States Veterans from 1997 to 2011. AIDS Behav 20:555-64
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Pettit, April C; Mendes, Adell; Jenkins, Cathy et al. (2016) Timing of Antiretroviral Treatment, Immunovirologic Status, and TB Risk: Implications for Testing and Treatment. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 72:572-8
Howell, Benjamin A; Long, Jessica B; Edelman, E Jennifer et al. (2016) Incarceration History and Uncontrolled Blood Pressure in a Multi-Site Cohort. J Gen Intern Med 31:1496-1502
May, Margaret T; Vehreschild, Jorg-Janne; Trickey, Adam et al. (2016) Mortality According to CD4 Count at Start of Combination Antiretroviral Therapy Among HIV-infected Patients Followed for up to 15 Years After Start of Treatment: Collaborative Cohort Study. Clin Infect Dis 62:1571-7

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