We popose to improve oral health and reduce costs of rural school-based caries prevention programs using comparative effectiveness and quality improvement methods. We will test the hypothesis that comprehensive caries prevention is more effective than incremental prevention. Significance. Caries is a preventable bacterial infection, yet 25% of U.S. school children have untreated decay - five-times more than asthma. The prevalence doubles for rural, racial and ethnic minority populations. Effective preventive interventions, recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, are available. However, they are often underused and rarely evaluated for clinical effectiveness. Approach. Using a cohort design, we will longitudinally evaluate and compare comprehensive and incremental caries prevention programs in rural elementary schools. Using this comparative data we will generate, implement and test oral health improvement models for clinical and cost-effectiveness.
Specific Aims. 1). Develop a manual of procedures, standardize and calibrate caries diagnosis using NHANES diagnostic criteria, implement electronic readable forms for recording, submission, and analysis. 2). Comparatively evaluate clinical and cost-effectiveness, model optimal care and timing, and mentor site improvement programs. 3). Create a database to generate alternate models for caries prevention and open this database for clinical and research use. Impact and Innovation. To our knowledge, this will be the first comparative effectiveness study (including economic assessment) with the breadth and depth to identify and disseminate effective prevention protocols. An added benefit will be the creation of a rich database for modeling prevention in other locations. Environment and Investigators. Forsyth is a century old. Harvard affiliated, oral health research institute. We will marry this talent with the Boston University Data Coordinating Center and school-based caries prevention programs serving ~10,000 children in 67 school, in 10 rural counties, in 4 states.

Public Health Relevance

This project employs comparative effectiveness and quality improvement methods to improve oral health and reduce costs in rural school-based cavity prevention programs. The need in rural compared to urban populations is great. Rural populations have fewer dentists per population, less water fluoridation, lower insurance rates, greater travel distancess, higher poverty rates, all adding to higher rates of dental cavities.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)
Resource-Related Research Projects--Cooperative Agreements (U24)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZMD1-RN (02))
Program Officer
Sayre, Michael
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New York University
Public Health & Prev Medicine
Schools of Dentistry
New York
United States
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San Martin, Laura; Castano, Antonio; Bravo, Manuel et al. (2013) Dental sealant knowledge, opinion, values and practice of Spanish dentists. BMC Oral Health 13:12
Niederman, Richard; Richards, Derek; Brands, Wolter (2012) The changing standard of care. J Am Dent Assoc 143:434-7