The Region X Northwest Regional Center of Excellence (NWRCE) for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases is an essential component in a nationwide network of biomedical research programs to combat infectious disease threats to the population. The NWRCE is currently a highly interactive and thematic program focused on Gram-negative bacterial pathogens, and the same general consistent focus has existed since its inception. There are three research themes: (1) mechanisms of Gram-negative bacterial pathogenesis, (2) innate immune responses to Gram-negative bacterial pathogens, and (3) translation of (1) and (2) into early stage therapeutic development to prevent or treat Gram-negative bacterial diseases. The NWRCE is centered at the University of Washington (UW) in Seattle;in this renewal application, multiple sites are proposed in Seattle, two in Oregon, one in Idaho, and one in Maryland. Additional sites for collaboration include the NIAID Rocky Mountain Laboratory in Montana, the University of Victoria, British Columbia, and collaborators at sites in Thailand, Sweden, and Mexico. The projects, cores, domestic and international sites, as well as collaborators, are highly interactive. The individuals that make up this proposal have worked together for many years during the last funding period and before the NWRCE was created. The majority of investigators newly added to this to this application for renewed funding of the NWRCE have had long collaborative relationships with members of the center. The interactive nature and focus of the NWRCE is a major strength of the program and allows the NWRCE to rapidly and nimbly respond to national priorities to achieve important objectives with respect to Gram-negative bacterial infections.

Public Health Relevance

The Northwest Regional Center of Excellence for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases (NWRCE) is a large infectious disease research program composed of many investigators in the Pacific Northwest and beyond. The center conducts research to understand bacterial disease and produce countermeasures against these infections which are deemed of national importance.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Type
Specialized Center--Cooperative Agreements (U54)
Project #
5U54AI057141-10
Application #
8447080
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1-DDS-M (J2))
Program Officer
Schaefer, Michael R
Project Start
2003-09-04
Project End
2015-02-28
Budget Start
2013-03-01
Budget End
2015-02-28
Support Year
10
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$7,370,938
Indirect Cost
$2,805,979
Name
University of Washington
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
605799469
City
Seattle
State
WA
Country
United States
Zip Code
98195
West, T Eoin; Myers, Nicolle D; Chantratita, Narisara et al. (2014) NLRC4 and TLR5 each contribute to host defense in respiratory melioidosis. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 8:e3178
Hagar, Jon A; Miao, Edward A (2014) Detection of cytosolic bacteria by inflammatory caspases. Curr Opin Microbiol 17:61-6
Majerczyk, Charlotte D; Brittnacher, Mitchell J; Jacobs, Michael A et al. (2014) Cross-species comparison of the Burkholderia pseudomallei, Burkholderia thailandensis, and Burkholderia mallei quorum-sensing regulons. J Bacteriol 196:3862-71
Loomis, Wendy P; Johnson, Matthew L; Brasfield, Alicia et al. (2014) Temporal and anatomical host resistance to chronic Salmonella infection is quantitatively dictated by Nramp1 and influenced by host genetic background. PLoS One 9:e111763
Martínez, Luary C; Vadyvaloo, Viveka (2014) Mechanisms of post-transcriptional gene regulation in bacterial biofilms. Front Cell Infect Microbiol 4:38
Myers, Nicolle D; Chantratita, Narisara; Berrington, William R et al. (2014) The role of NOD2 in murine and human melioidosis. J Immunol 192:300-7
Correia, Bruno E; Bates, John T; Loomis, Rebecca J et al. (2014) Proof of principle for epitope-focused vaccine design. Nature 507:201-6
Majerczyk, Charlotte; Brittnacher, Mitchell; Jacobs, Michael et al. (2014) Global analysis of the Burkholderia thailandensis quorum sensing-controlled regulon. J Bacteriol 196:1412-24
Pruneda, Jonathan N; Smith, F Donelson; Daurie, Angela et al. (2014) E2~Ub conjugates regulate the kinase activity of Shigella effector OspG during pathogenesis. EMBO J 33:437-49
Sureka, Kamakshi; Choi, Philip H; Precit, Mimi et al. (2014) The cyclic dinucleotide c-di-AMP is an allosteric regulator of metabolic enzyme function. Cell 158:1389-401

Showing the most recent 10 out of 184 publications