This project will investigate the role of human antibodies in protection against or enhancement of infection caused by serotype 3 dengue viruses. Pre-existing heterotypic dengue antibody is a risk factor for lifethreatening severe illness, designated dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). Although it is well established that the induction of heterotypic dengue antibodies can predispose subjects to DHF, the molecular basis for this problem is not well understood. This issue is a major obstacle to effective development of dengue vaccines as it is not clear that tetravalent vaccine formulations can be established that always retain the immunogenicity of all four serotypes. Better knowledge of the molecular basis of antibody-mediated neutralization of infection is needed. In the work proposed in this application, we will derive large panels of human monoclonal antibodies directed to dengue virus serotype 3 from the B cells of subjects previously infected with that virus. In previous work funded by the RCE, we have developed a very reliable and robust method for generating human monoclonal antibody secretign hybridoma lines from immune donors. We will determine the genetic and structural basis for effective neutralization of dengue viruses by sequence analysis of antibodies, generation of recombinant antibodies for study of naturally occurring somatic mutations, generation of escape mutant viruses, definition of determinants of components of affinity (on and off rates), and determination of structures of immunodominant antibodies bound to viral antigens.

Public Health Relevance

This project is highly relevant to the goals of the SERCEB RCE, specifically defining important mechanisms of immunity to a virus that is a major cause of human illness (approximately 100 million febrile illnesses a year worldwide).

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Specialized Center--Cooperative Agreements (U54)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill
United States
Zip Code
Smartt, Chelsea T; Shin, Dongyoung; Alto, Barry W (2017) Dengue serotype-specific immune response in Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 112:829-837
Purcell, Erin B; McKee, Robert W; Courson, David S et al. (2017) A Nutrient-Regulated Cyclic Diguanylate Phosphodiesterase Controls Clostridium difficile Biofilm and Toxin Production during Stationary Phase. Infect Immun 85:
Ponnuswamy, Padmapriya; Joffre, Jeremie; Herbin, Olivier et al. (2017) Angiotensin II synergizes with BAFF to promote atheroprotective regulatory B cells. Sci Rep 7:4111
Silva, Laurie A; Dermody, Terence S (2017) Chikungunya virus: epidemiology, replication, disease mechanisms, and prospective intervention strategies. J Clin Invest 127:737-749
Elong Ngono, Annie; Chen, Hui-Wen; Tang, William W et al. (2016) Protective Role of Cross-Reactive CD8 T Cells Against Dengue Virus Infection. EBioMedicine 13:284-293
Bowles, R D; Karikari, I O; VanDerwerken, D N et al. (2016) In vivo luminescent imaging of NF-?B activity and NF-?B-related serum cytokine levels predict pain sensitivities in a rodent model of peripheral neuropathy. Eur J Pain 20:365-76
Rowse, Michael; Qiu, Shihong; Tsao, Jun et al. (2016) Reduction of Influenza Virus Envelope's Fusogenicity by Viral Fusion Inhibitors. ACS Infect Dis 2:47-53
Ashbrook, Alison W; Lentscher, Anthony J; Zamora, Paula F et al. (2016) Antagonism of the Sodium-Potassium ATPase Impairs Chikungunya Virus Infection. MBio 7:
Bates, John T; Pickens, Jennifer A; Schuster, Jennifer E et al. (2016) Immunogenicity and efficacy of alphavirus-derived replicon vaccines for respiratory syncytial virus and human metapneumovirus in nonhuman primates. Vaccine 34:950-6
Alayli, Farah; Scholle, Frank (2016) Dengue virus NS1 enhances viral replication and pro-inflammatory cytokine production in human dendritic cells. Virology 496:227-236

Showing the most recent 10 out of 387 publications