Infection by flaviviruses such as dengue, yellow fever, and West Nile is a major medical and socioeconomic problem worldwide, yet effective antiviral therapeutics to treat flavivirus infection are not currently available. As such, it is imperative that potent, selective, and cost-effective antiviral compounds be identified. The overall goal of this project is the discovery of novel inhibitors of the flavivirus RNA methyltransferase (MTase) enzyme that can serve as effective broad-spectrum chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of flavivirus infection. The MTase enzyme generates the cap structure at the 5' end of viral RNAs that is required for efficient translation of the viral genome and is essential for viral growth. We have designed and successfully implemented a simple and rapid in vitro high-throughput assay to identify compounds that interfere with RNA cap binding by the MTase. Our initial validation screen of molecule libraries at the National Screening Laboratory (NSRB) has identified a number of compounds as MTase inhibitors. In this project, we propose to expand on these results with the goal of identifying and optimizing a chemically diverse set of MTase cap-binding inhibitors in order to identify lead compounds for drug development.
Specific Aim 1 : We will perform additional HTS and will biochemically determine the inhibition constants and antiviral activity for additional hit compounds.
Specific Aim 2 : Using the resulting information, we will employ an integrated array of in silico molecular modeling techniques to identify structurally related small molecule compounds which based on our structural knowledge of the RNA cap binding site and in silico analysis will have improved affinity and cross selectivity for flavivirus MTase proteins and acceptable drug-like characteristics. We will also employ medicinal chemistry to design and synthesize derivatives when necessary to improve physiochemical properties.
Specific Aim 3 : The best inhibitors (in terms of breadth, potency and drug-like characteristics) will be tested for antiviral activity in cell culture and for the potential for emergence of resistance Inhibitors. Inhibitory effects for lead compounds will be determined against West Nile virus in an existing mouse model. This project takes advantage of an ongoing collaboration that brings together the expertise (virology and computational biology) of the lead investigators and will result in the rapid and efficient identification of inhibitors of flavivirus replication with the ultimate goal of describing lead compounds with drug-like properties suitable for preclinical development for the treatment flavivirus infection. This research Project fits within the RMRCE Integrated Research Focus on Viral Therapeutics, and will interact directly with RPs 3.1 and 3.8 and utilize the resources of Core C.

Public Health Relevance

Mosquito-borne hemorrhagic-fever resulting from flavivirus infection causes significant human morbidity and mortality throughout the world, yet there are currently no effective therapeutics to treat infected patients. The goal of this project is to utilize biochemical and rational drug design methodologies to identify and characterize broadly active antiviral compounds targeting the conserved flaviviral methyltransferase.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Type
Specialized Center--Cooperative Agreements (U54)
Project #
5U54AI065357-09
Application #
8465809
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1-DDS-M)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2013-05-01
Budget End
2014-04-30
Support Year
9
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$247,314
Indirect Cost
$51,621
Name
Colorado State University-Fort Collins
Department
Type
DUNS #
785979618
City
Fort Collins
State
CO
Country
United States
Zip Code
80523
Lehman, Stephanie S; Mladinich, Katherine M; Boonyakanog, Angkana et al. (2016) Versatile nourseothricin and streptomycin/spectinomycin resistance gene cassettes and their use in chromosome integration vectors. J Microbiol Methods 129:8-13
Knudson, Susan E; Cummings, Jason E; Bommineni, Gopal R et al. (2016) Formulation studies of InhA inhibitors and combination therapy to improve efficacy against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis (Edinb) 101:8-14
Charley, Phillida A; Wilusz, Jeffrey (2016) Standing your ground to exoribonucleases: Function of Flavivirus long non-coding RNAs. Virus Res 212:70-7
Phillips, Aaron T; Rico, Amber B; Stauft, Charles B et al. (2016) Entry Sites of Venezuelan and Western Equine Encephalitis Viruses in the Mouse Central Nervous System following Peripheral Infection. J Virol 90:5785-96
Westover, Jonna B; Sefing, Eric J; Bailey, Kevin W et al. (2016) Low-dose ribavirin potentiates the antiviral activity of favipiravir against hemorrhagic fever viruses. Antiviral Res 126:62-8
Shankar, Sundaresh; Whitby, Landon R; Casquilho-Gray, Hedi E et al. (2016) Small-Molecule Fusion Inhibitors Bind the pH-Sensing Stable Signal Peptide-GP2 Subunit Interface of the Lassa Virus Envelope Glycoprotein. J Virol 90:6799-807
York, Joanne; Nunberg, Jack H (2016) Myristoylation of the Arenavirus Envelope Glycoprotein Stable Signal Peptide Is Critical for Membrane Fusion but Dispensable for Virion Morphogenesis. J Virol 90:8341-50
Rhodes, Katherine A; Schweizer, Herbert P (2016) Antibiotic resistance in Burkholderia species. Drug Resist Updat 28:82-90
Voge, Natalia V; Perera, Rushika; Mahapatra, Sebabrata et al. (2016) Metabolomics-Based Discovery of Small Molecule Biomarkers in Serum Associated with Dengue Virus Infections and Disease Outcomes. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 10:e0004449
Rico, Amber B; Phillips, Aaron T; Schountz, Tony et al. (2016) Venezuelan and western equine encephalitis virus E1 liposome antigen nucleic acid complexes protect mice from lethal challenge with multiple alphaviruses. Virology 499:30-39

Showing the most recent 10 out of 244 publications