Pacific-Southwest Regional Center of Excellence for Biodefense and Emerging Diseases (""""""""the Center"""""""") is a research consortium comprising 34 projects clustered within seven programs. The Center also features five differentiated core facilities that serve the entire region. All four states (AZ, CA, HI, and NV) of Region IX are represented among the 27 educational, research, commercial, and governmental institutions of the Center. The overall goal of the Center is outstanding science, achieved with a multidisciplinary and collaborative approach and a portfolio that balances basic and translational research. The Center's major theme is infections of the western United States, the Pacific Rim, and Latin America of relevance for biodefense or as emerging diseases. The seven programs are: (1) dengue, (2) viral zoonoses, including arenaviruses and Nipah virus, (3) botulinum neurotoxin, (4) Category B Burkholderia species, (5) tularemia, (6) coccidioidomycosis, and (7) reservoir-targeted vaccines for prevention of human infections. Applications of the research include improved diagnostics, novel therapeutic agents, and vaccine platforms. Other key functions of the Center are: (a) responding, in cooperation with public health agencies, to infectious diseases emergencies with its collective expertise, resources, and facilities;(b) fostering the careers of talented young investigators and more established investigators newly-entering this research field;and (c) providing a region-wide training facility for investigators and staff to learn safe operations under biocontainment conditions.

Public Health Relevance

Through its basic and translational research programs, the Pacific-Southwest Regional Center of Excellence provides advances for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of infectious diseases of biodefense and emerging public health importance.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Type
Specialized Center--Cooperative Agreements (U54)
Project #
3U54AI065359-07S1
Application #
8435012
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1-DDS-M (J2))
Program Officer
Beanan, Maureen J
Project Start
2005-05-20
Project End
2014-04-30
Budget Start
2012-04-01
Budget End
2012-04-30
Support Year
7
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$11,075
Indirect Cost
Name
University of California Irvine
Department
Microbiology/Immun/Virology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
046705849
City
Irvine
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
92697
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Marques, Adriana R; Yang, Xiuli; Smith, Alexis A et al. (2017) Citrate Anticoagulant Improves the Sensitivity of Borreliella (Borrelia) burgdorferi Plasma Culture. J Clin Microbiol 55:3297-3299
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Nualnoi, Teerapat; Norris, Michael H; Tuanyok, Apichai et al. (2017) Development of Immunoassays for Burkholderia pseudomallei Typical and Atypical Lipopolysaccharide Strain Typing. Am J Trop Med Hyg 96:358-367
Nakajima, Rie; Escudero, Raquel; Molina, Douglas M et al. (2016) Towards Development of Improved Serodiagnostics for Tularemia by Use of Francisella tularensis Proteome Microarrays. J Clin Microbiol 54:1755-65
Zeltina, Antra; Bowden, Thomas A; Lee, Benhur (2016) Emerging Paramyxoviruses: Receptor Tropism and Zoonotic Potential. PLoS Pathog 12:e1005390
Ziegler, Christopher M; Eisenhauer, Philip; Bruce, Emily A et al. (2016) A novel phosphoserine motif in the LCMV matrix protein Z regulates the release of infectious virus and defective interfering particles. J Gen Virol 97:2084-9
Park, Arnold; Yun, Tatyana; Hill, Terence E et al. (2016) Optimized P2A for reporter gene insertion into Nipah virus results in efficient ribosomal skipping and wild-type lethality. J Gen Virol 97:839-43

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