In this project. Dr. Donald Gerecke will lead an effort to elucidate basic mechanisms of vesicant damage in the skin with the ultimate goal of identifying new targets in the tissue for therapeutic intervention and drug development. Vesicants are known to alkylate and crosslink molecules disrupting their biological activity. This can cause damage to the structure and function of tissues. The specific pathogenic and molecular mechanisms responsible for vesicant-induced skin injury remain unclear, but modifications of both intracellular and extracellular resident proteins are considered to be key factors. His laboratory group has discovered that this process can activate the endoplasmic reticulum stress pathways in keratinocytes.
His specific aims are to examine the contribution of the endoplasmic reticulum stress response to vesicant injury and evaluate medical countermeasures specifically targeting this pathway. He will determine if vesicants alter the binding of laminin-332, a critical matrix protein which anchors basal keratinocytes to the basement membrane, to its natural structural partners causing detachment of the basal keratinocytes from the underlying dermis, a process that can result in blistering. He will also assess whether alkylation of laminin-332 affects the migration properties of keratinocytes, a process key for wound repair. Finally, plans are to work with the Pharmacology and Drug Development Core and the Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmaceutics Core to further evaluate compounds identified as potential sulfur mustard countermeasures in the skin. He will also continue research and development efforts with unique doxycydine-loaded hydrogels that our Center has shown to be effective against nitrogen mustard-induced skin injury in several different animal models.
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|Chmielowski, Rebecca A; Abdelhamid, Dalia S; Faig, Jonathan J et al. (2017) Athero-inflammatory nanotherapeutics: Ferulic acid-based poly(anhydride-ester) nanoparticles attenuate foam cell formation by regulating macrophage lipogenesis and reactive oxygen species generation. Acta Biomater 57:85-94|
|Venosa, Alessandro; Gow, James G; Hall, LeRoy et al. (2017) Regulation of Nitrogen Mustard-Induced Lung Macrophage Activation by Valproic Acid, a Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor. Toxicol Sci 157:222-234|
|Yang, Shaojun; Jan, Yi-Hua; Mishin, Vladimir et al. (2017) Diacetyl/l-Xylulose Reductase Mediates Chemical Redox Cycling in Lung Epithelial Cells. Chem Res Toxicol 30:1406-1418|
|Faig, Jonathan J; Moretti, Alysha; Joseph, Laurie B et al. (2017) Biodegradable Kojic Acid-Based Polymers: Controlled Delivery of Bioactives for Melanogenesis Inhibition. Biomacromolecules 18:363-373|
|Sunil, Vasanthi R; Vayas, Kinal N; Fang, Mingzhu et al. (2017) World Trade Center (WTC) dust exposure in mice is associated with inflammation, oxidative stress and epigenetic changes in the lung. Exp Mol Pathol 102:50-58|
|Malaviya, Rama; Laskin, Jeffrey D; Laskin, Debra L (2017) Anti-TNF? therapy in inflammatory lung diseases. Pharmacol Ther 180:90-98|
|Joseph, Laurie B; Composto, Gabriella M; Perez, Roberto M et al. (2017) Sulfur mustard induced mast cell degranulation in mouse skin is inhibited by a novel anti-inflammatory and anticholinergic bifunctional prodrug. Toxicol Lett :|
|Francis, Mary; Groves, Angela M; Sun, Richard et al. (2017) Editor's Highlight: CCR2 Regulates Inflammatory Cell Accumulation in the Lung and Tissue Injury following Ozone Exposure. Toxicol Sci 155:474-484|
|Lasfar, Ahmed; de laTorre, Andrew; Abushahba, Walid et al. (2016) Concerted action of IFN-? and IFN-? induces local NK cell immunity and halts cancer growth. Oncotarget 7:49259-49267|
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