Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death among women on Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands, and Chamorro women have the highest age-adjusted breast cancer mortality rate in the population. The Mariana Islands include Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), of which the island of Saipan is the largest and most populated island. No epidemiological or clinical studies have been conducted on Guam or Saipan to study breast cancer risk factors. In this application, we propose to conduct a retrospective case-control study with 200 cases and 400 controls to develop a model of breast cancer risk among Asian Pacific Islanders. Health behavior and obesity measurements will be included. The population will consist of post-menopausal women of predominantly Islands. Data collected from the U-56 Pilot Project II provide preliminary data on behavioral risk factors for cancer among adults on Guam. Poor eating habits, lack of physical activity, and high rate of ovenweight/obesity suggest that many women on aipan Department of Health. Controls will be recruited from patients undergoing screening mammography in several local clinics/facilities and frequencymatched to cases on age and ethnicity. This study, the first large case-control study designed to look at risk factors for breast cancer in women on Guam and Saipan, will provide valuable information that will lead to interventions to reduce breast cancer incidence in these underserved high-risk minority populations. While women in the Mariana Islands appear to exhibit a lower breast cancer incidence than U.S. women generally, availability of mammography is limited. Breast cancer rates are increasing, and high risk of dying from the disease suggests late diagnosis and treatment. In this application, we propose to conduct a retrospective case-control study to develop a model to predict risk of breast cancer in Asian-Pacific Island populations. A long-term goal is to conduct an intervention study to prevent and/or reverse modifiable risk factors associated with breast cancer in the Mariana Islands, using the risk model as a tool to identify highrisk women. Additionally, our risk model could be updated with mammographic density results, if feasible.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Specialized Center--Cooperative Agreements (U54)
Project #
5U54CA143728-05
Application #
8548251
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1-SRLB-D)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2013-09-01
Budget End
2014-08-31
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$858,603
Indirect Cost
$424,570
Name
University of Guam
Department
Type
DUNS #
779908151
City
Mangilao
State
GU
Country
United States
Zip Code
96923
Leon Guerrero, Rachael T; Badowski, Grazyna; Yamanaka, Alisha et al. (2014) University of Hawai'i Cancer Center connection: The vital role of cancer registries in the recruitment of an understudied minority population into a breast cancer study: Breast Cancer Risk Model for the Pacific. Hawaii J Med Public Health 73:335-40
Haddock, R L; Paulino, Y C; Bordallo, R (2013) Viral hepatitis and liver cancer on the Island of Guam. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 14:3175-6
David, Annette M; Cruz, Peter J; Mercado, Susan P et al. (2013) Building tobacco cessation capacity in the U.S.-affiliated Pacific Islands. Health Promot Pract 14:88S-95S
David, Annette M; Lew, Rod; Lyman, Annabel K et al. (2013) Eliminating tobacco-related disparities among Pacific Islanders through leadership and capacity building: promising practices and lessons learned. Health Promot Pract 14:10S-7S
Haddock, Robert L (2013) Shining light on cancer in the Pacific. Hawaii J Med Public Health 72:107-8
Robinett, Hali R; Ames, Todd; Peterson, John A et al. (2011) UH Cancer Center Hotline: the training and education program of the University of Guam/University of Hawai'i Cancer Center Partnership. Hawaii Med J 70:54-5
Haddock, Robert L; Badowski, Grazyna; Bordallo, Renata (2011) Cancer mortality following polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) contamination of a Guam village. Hawaii Med J 70:40-2