Cigarette smoking prevalence among Pacific Islanders (Pis) in the U.S. is nearly double the national rate, yet evidence-based smoking cessation programs tailored to the culture and lifestyle of Pis do not exist. Utilizing a community-based participatory research (CBPR) model, community members and academic researchers will use their collective expertise to investigate how culture, social and environmental cues, intrapersonal and neurocognitive characteristics impact smoking and quitting behaviors among late adolescent and early adult Pis to inform the development of a theory-based, culturally-attuned, multi-component smoking cessation intervention. This proposed intervention research project, comprising two-interrelated studies, builds upon an existing CBPR framework that focuses on the reduction of cancer health disparities among Pis in Southern California. Study 1 entails a comprehensive tobacco use and quitting assessment utilizing smoking history semi-structured interviews, ecological momentary assessment of smoking behaviors and cues, and a computerassisted neurocognitive decision-making assessment;Study 2 informed by Study 1, culminates in the development and testing of a novel smoking cessation intervention that incorporates an interactive computerbased program, tailored text messaging, web-based social networking, and telephone coaching. The use of technology fits the lifestyle of young Pis, in addition to holding tremendous potential for a scalable, costeffective method for reaching Pis and other relatively small, dispersed populations that are often at highest risk for health disparities. The research project will conclude with a symposium for the dissemination of findings to the broader PI and scientific communities. Within the context of rigorous, evidence-based, state-of-the-science research, community partners will be fully and equitably involved in each stage of the research, thus lending their cultural voice and unique insights to this project.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Specialized Center--Cooperative Agreements (U54)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1-PCRB-G)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
California State University Fullerton
United States
Zip Code
Pike, James Russell; Xie, Bin; Tan, Nasya et al. (2016) Developing an Internet- and Mobile-Based System to Measure Cigarette Use Among Pacific Islanders: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 4:e2
LaBreche, Mandy; Cheri, Ashley; Custodio, Harold et al. (2016) Let's Move for Pacific Islander Communities: an Evidence-Based Intervention to Increase Physical Activity. J Cancer Educ 31:261-7
Paige, Ciara; Peters, Ruth; Parkhurst, Malia et al. (2015) Enhancing Community-Based Participatory Research Partnerships Through Appreciative Inquiry. Prog Community Health Partnersh 9:457-63
Kwan, Patchareeya P; Briand, Greta; Lee, Cevadne et al. (2014) Use of a community-based participatory research approach to assess knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs on biospecimen research among Pacific Islanders. Health Promot Pract 15:422-30
Tanjasiri, Sora Park; Lew, Rod; Mouttapa, Michele et al. (2013) Environmental influences on tobacco use among Asian American and Pacific Islander youth. Health Promot Pract 14:40S-7S
Palmer, Paula Healani; Lee, Cevadne; Sablan-Santos, Lola et al. (2013) Eliminating tobacco disparities among native Hawaiian Pacific Islanders through policy change: the role of community-based organizations. Health Promot Pract 14:36S-9S
Tanjasiri, Sora P; Mouttapa, Michele; Sablan-Santos, Lola et al. (2012) What promotes cervical cancer screening among Chamorro women in California? J Cancer Educ 27:725-30
Tanjasiri, Sora Park; Lew, Rod; Kuratani, Darrah G et al. (2011) Using Photovoice to assess and promote environmental approaches to tobacco control in AAPI communities. Health Promot Pract 12:654-65
Schmidt-Vaivao, Dorothy Etimani; Lutu, Genesis; Tulua-Tata, Alisi et al. (2010) Assessing the Effectiveness of Breast Cancer Education Workshops among Samoan and Pacific Islander Women in Southern California. Calif J Health Promot 8:1-10