The DNA repair pathways and the signaling networks that link DNA repair to cell cycle regulation, known as the DNA damage response (DDR), constitute a central mechanism in the development of cancer. The genes underlying DNA repair and DDR have been shown to be key players in genetic predisposition to breast cancer and subsequent tumor progression. The overall objective of the research described in this proposal is to identify the germline and somatic genetic changes in DNA damage response genes that underlie the risk of breast cancer, specifically in the population of Puerto Rico. The overall hypothesis is that the germ-line and tumor genetic factors underlying breast cancer susceptibility in Puerto Rico may differ qualitatively or quantitatively from those in Caucasian women.
In specific aim #1, we will determine the prevalence of germline changes in the genes involved in breast cancer risk. We will perform a comprehensive screening of a panel 21 candidate genes that have been implicated in breast cancer predisposition in the general population. Several of those genes are involved in the cellular response to DNA damage. We will accomplish this aim using capture technology coupled with massively parallel sequencing. We expect to determine whether the genes that were previously implicated in breast cancer predisposition are also determinants of breast cancer risk in the Puerto Rican population.
In specific aim #2, we propose to determine the prevalence of somatic changes in genes involved in DNA repair and DDR. This will be accomplished by the library preparation from tumor samples and full exome capture hybridization followed by massively parallel sequencing. The identification of somatic changes in DNA repair and DDR genes is expected to reveal key genes that are mutated in tumorigenesis in the Puerto Rican population. This project proposes to examine both germline and somatic changes, thereby providing an integrated picture of the role of genetic variants in DNA repair and DDR genes in breast cancer risk and development. It targets a Hispanic population, which is often underrepresented in genetic studies. Our findings may uncover genetic changes specific to this population that will allow for the development of custom-designed predisposition tests. Importantly, these data will serve the basis for a vision of personalized medicine that takes into account natural differences in populations to maximize the identification of individuals at risk and the efficacy of therapeutic regimens. This project supports the overall U54 application by fostering the close collaboration between PSM and MCC investigators while gathering knowledge that will directly improve cancer prevention and treatment in Puerto Rico.
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