The Histopathology Core will perform a vital function in Paul D. Weilstone MDCRC. The director of the core is an experienced muscle pathologist (Z. Sahenk, MD, Ph.D, Director of the Histopathology Laboratory at Nationwide Children's Hospital). Project 1 will require analysis of muscle tissue taken directly from DMD patients.
In Aim 1 of Project 1, T cell infiltration will be examined as an expression of a pre-existing immune response to dystrophin. In addition, sequencing of the DMD mRNA will be performed, in order to assess the relationship between altered splicing and antigenic dystrophin epitopes.
In Aim 2 of Project 1, specific T cell immunity will be studied before and after corticosteroid treatment.
Aim 3 of Project 1 closely scrutinizes gene expression and immune response following AAV-micro-dystrophin delivery to muscle. In Project 2 emphasis switches to an experimental paradigm using the rhesus macaque. This too is familiar territory to this laboratory because tissue from this animal model has been processed in this laboratory for the past several years.
In Aim 1 of project 1 AAV.micro-dystrophin gene delivery will be examined after depleting neutralizing antibodies to study the role of T cell immunity to viral capsid.
In Aim 2 of project 2 tissue sections will be used to help define the role of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells against a foreign transgene product. In the final Aim 3 of Project 2 similar tissue studies will be necessary to understand the role of possible immunosuppressant agents. In the course of study of both human and non-human primate tissue, histologic sections will employ standard stains and immunohistochemistry for gene expression and Immunological markers for T cell subsets, and western blots similar to every day studies in this laboratory. The success of this proposal is dependent on the experience and excellence ofthis laboratory for the following reasons: 1) The mission of each Project will be facilitated by the expertise of a single laboratory with built in quality control measures to process all tissues in a consistent manner. 2) The objectivity of the results will be enhanced by separating the Pi's in Projects 1 and 2 from the outcome measures. 3) There will be greater consistency between each of the Projects by having all tissue sections processed by the same staff.
The careful examination of tissues following clinical studies and experimental paradigms are critical to the success of gene correction strategies for muscular dystrophy. The experience of the histopathology core, including the director and staff, will contribute to the success of these projects. The laboratory is firmly grounded in quality control and performing these studies in an independent laboratory adds to the objectivity of the findings.
|Mendell, Jerry R; Sahenk, Zarife; Al-Zaidy, Samiah et al. (2017) Follistatin Gene Therapy for Sporadic Inclusion Body Myositis Improves Functional Outcomes. Mol Ther 25:870-879|
|Eidahl, Jocelyn O; Giesige, Carlee R; Domire, Jacqueline S et al. (2016) Mouse Dux is myotoxic and shares partial functional homology with its human paralog DUX4. Hum Mol Genet 25:4577-4589|
|Mendell, Jerry R; Sahenk, Zarife; Malik, Vinod et al. (2015) A phase 1/2a follistatin gene therapy trial for becker muscular dystrophy. Mol Ther 23:192-201|
|Sondergaard, Patricia C; Griffin, Danielle A; Pozsgai, Eric R et al. (2015) AAV.Dysferlin Overlap Vectors Restore Function in Dysferlinopathy Animal Models. Ann Clin Transl Neurol 2:256-70|
|Heller, Kristin N; Montgomery, Chrystal L; Shontz, Kimberly M et al. (2015) Human ?7 Integrin Gene (ITGA7) Delivered by Adeno-Associated Virus Extends Survival of Severely Affected Dystrophin/Utrophin-Deficient Mice. Hum Gene Ther 26:647-56|
|Al-Zaidy, Samiah A; Sahenk, Zarife; Rodino-Klapac, Louise R et al. (2015) Follistatin Gene Therapy Improves Ambulation in Becker Muscular Dystrophy. J Neuromuscul Dis 2:185-192|
|Yalvac, Mehmet E; Arnold, William David; Hussain, Syed-Rehan A et al. (2014) VIP-expressing dendritic cells protect against spontaneous autoimmune peripheral polyneuropathy. Mol Ther 22:1353-1363|
|Chicoine, L G; Montgomery, C L; Bremer, W G et al. (2014) Plasmapheresis eliminates the negative impact of AAV antibodies on microdystrophin gene expression following vascular delivery. Mol Ther 22:338-347|
|Chicoine, Louis G; Rodino-Klapac, Louise R; Shao, Guohong et al. (2014) Vascular delivery of rAAVrh74.MCK.GALGT2 to the gastrocnemius muscle of the rhesus macaque stimulates the expression of dystrophin and laminin ?2 surrogates. Mol Ther 22:713-24|
|Mendell, Jerry R; Lloyd-Puryear, Michele (2013) Report of MDA muscle disease symposium on newborn screening for Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Muscle Nerve 48:21-6|
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