Western agriculture is the most intensive and productive in the world, but differs in many ways from the rest of the country. The overall goal of the Western Center for Agricultural Health and Safety (WCAHS) at DC Davis Is to improve the health and safety of farmers, farm family members, and hired farm workers and their families in western agriculture. UC Davis is uniquely situated to address these issues because of the co-location of its Schools of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, and the Colleges of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, and Engineering. It is located in the heart of California's Central Valley. The multidisciplinary expertise of the Center faculty enables varied, largely field-oriente research projects, educational programs and interventions. Areas of focus include creating bilingual/bicultural health and safety programs and materials for immigrant farm workers, exploring the link between respiratory disease and exposures in Western farming environments, and engineering better ergonomic solutions to reduce acute and cumulative trauma injuries. A major effort of this renewal is a new multidisciplinary proposal to understand and develop effective interventions to prevent heat-related illness among agricultural workers. Another new study will evaluate exposures and respiratory disease in new laying-hen facilities. We will continue our efforts to design better-engineered solutions to the musculoskeletal stresses of labor-intensive agriculture, and to transfer this improved technology to the workplace. We will continue to characterize respiratory toxicants in Western agriculture, and to apply these findings to the farm. Newer and more efficient pesticide bioassays will be developed, and linked to studies of exposure to agricultural workers. The Center will continue its innovative educational efforts to improve health and safety training to non-English speaking farm workers, and an exciting new proposal will link us with the Health Initiative of the Americas to take our educational programs to new immigrant workers via novel, community-based approaches. Center efforts are characterized and disseminated by many novel and diverse media (webpage, newsletter, podcasts, social media, etc.). The success of all Center activities will be evaluated i a comprehensive evaluation program.

Public Health Relevance

Agriculture is one of the most hazardous occupations, and employs more than one million workers in the western states. This Center has a direct public health importance by increasing the understanding of what causes disease in this population, and applying the findings to develop interventions to reduce injury and illness.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Type
Specialized Center--Cooperative Agreements (U54)
Project #
3U54OH007550-13S1
Application #
8847851
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZOH1-EEO (51))
Program Officer
Robison, William
Project Start
2001-09-30
Project End
2016-09-29
Budget Start
2013-09-30
Budget End
2014-09-29
Support Year
13
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$83,645
Indirect Cost
$29,591
Name
University of California Davis
Department
Public Health & Prev Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
047120084
City
Davis
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
95618
Hopkins, Laurie E; Laing, Emilia A; Peake, Janice L et al. (2018) Repeated Iron-Soot Exposure and Nose-to-brain Transport of Inhaled Ultrafine Particles. Toxicol Pathol 46:75-84
Borelli, Melissa R; Riden, Heather E; Bang, Heejung et al. (2018) Protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial to study the effectiveness of an obesity and diabetes intervention (PASOS) in an immigrant farmworker population. BMC Public Health 18:849
Rice, Mary B; Motto Malea, Nganda; Pinkerton, Kent E et al. (2018) Realizing the Paris Climate Agreement to Improve Cardiopulmonary Health. Where Science Meets Policy. Ann Am Thorac Soc 15:791-798
CastaƱeda, Alejandro R; Pinkerton, Kent E; Bein, Keith J et al. (2018) Ambient particulate matter activates the aryl hydrocarbon receptor in dendritic cells and enhances Th17 polarization. Toxicol Lett 292:85-96
Bratt, Jennifer M; Chang, Kevin Y; Rabowsky, Michelle et al. (2018) Farnesyltransferase Inhibition Exacerbates Eosinophilic Inflammation and Airway Hyperreactivity in Mice with Experimental Asthma: The Complex Roles of Ras GTPase and Farnesylpyrophosphate in Type 2 Allergic Inflammation. J Immunol 200:3840-3856
Chu, Shaogang; Baker, Margaret R; Leong, Gladys et al. (2018) Covalent binding of the organophosphate insecticide profenofos to tyrosine on ?- and ?-tubulin proteins. Chemosphere 199:154-159
Sun, Xiaolin; Wei, Haiying; Young, Dominique E et al. (2017) Differential pulmonary effects of wintertime California and China particulate matter in healthy young mice. Toxicol Lett 278:1-8
Mitchell, Diane C; Castro, Javier; Armitage, Tracey L et al. (2017) Recruitment, Methods, and Descriptive Results of a Physiologic Assessment of Latino Farmworkers: The California Heat Illness Prevention Study. J Occup Environ Med 59:649-658
CastaƱeda, Alejandro R; Bein, Keith J; Smiley-Jewell, Suzette et al. (2017) Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) enhances allergic sensitization in BALB/c mice. J Toxicol Environ Health A 80:197-207
Chu, Shaogang; Baker, Margaret R; Leong, Gladys et al. (2017) Exploring adduct formation between human serum albumin and eleven organophosphate ester flame retardants and plasticizers using MALDI-TOF/TOF and LC-Q/TOF. Chemosphere 180:169-177

Showing the most recent 10 out of 53 publications