This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. Individuals of African ancestry are likely to have DNA variants that favor sodium retention (and resistance to diuretic therapy) as a trait under positive selection in the historical context of a sodium-poor diet in an arid climate, that is now maladaptive in the context of high-sodium diets in industrialized societies. This project, which is the first of its kind to focus primarily on minority patients, will build a database of genetic and other health information from minority populations by bringing together a collaborating web of institutions, hospitals and community clinics that will share information derived from electronic health records. The effort will begin in the Southeast, known to have the highest incidence of high blood pressure and stroke among African-Americans. The initial objective is to use this database to learn more about why minority patients suffer a more virulent clinical course of hypertension and its complications, such as stroke. Investigators plan to extend these studies to other conditions that disproportionally affect African-Americans. The database will allow long term study and short term action in finding new, more effective methods of treatment and prevention. It will also allow scientists and health care workers to delve more deeply into the genetic, social and economic factors connected to this disease and overall health. The long-term objective of the Minority Health GRID project is to develop more sophisticated approaches to 'personalized medicine'that are applicable across the diverse spectrum of patient populations in the United States. The MH-GRID intends to develop predictive tools that will allow clinicians to identify at-risk patients with hypertension who are most likely to benefit from interventions designed to prevent complications such as stroke, heart failure or kidney failure. The project is among the first in the nation with a specific focus on applying state-of-the-art technology and multi-level approaches that will facilitate the ability of the clinician to capture genetic, social and environmental factors that influence the course of disease. Dr. Gibbons will lead an outstanding multi-disciplinary team of scientists with expertise in health disparities research, genomic science, bioinformatics, bioethics, epidemiology, minority community outreach, behavioral science and cardiovascular medicine. Although the Minority Health GRID has an initial focus on tracking health outcomes at safety-net clinics and hospitals in the Southeastern United States, the team includes a variety of collaborative institutions such as ?the National Institutes of Health, Emory University, University of Washington, Jackson State University, Baylor College of Medicine, the Jackson Heart Study, Jackson-Hinds Clinic and Stanford University. The study will use the latest DNA sequencing technology to create one of the largest existing 'catalogues'of detailed DNA sequence information of African-American patients.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Specialized Center--Cooperative Agreements (U54)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRR1-RI-8 (01))
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Morehouse School of Medicine
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
United States
Zip Code
Sánchez-Bretaño, Aída; Baba, Kenkichi; Janjua, Uzair et al. (2017) Melatonin partially protects 661W cells from H2O2-induced death by inhibiting Fas/FasL-caspase-3. Mol Vis 23:844-852
Laurent, Virgine; Sengupta, Anamika; Sánchez-Bretaño, Aída et al. (2017) Melatonin signaling affects the timing in the daily rhythm of phagocytic activity by the retinal pigment epithelium. Exp Eye Res 165:90-95
Simmons, Lauren J; Surles-Zeigler, Monique C; Li, Yonggang et al. (2016) Regulation of inflammatory responses by neuregulin-1 in brain ischemia and microglial cells in vitro involves the NF-kappa B pathway. J Neuroinflammation 13:237
Jockers, Ralf; Delagrange, Philippe; Dubocovich, Margarita L et al. (2016) Update on melatonin receptors: IUPHAR Review 20. Br J Pharmacol 173:2702-25
Gianesini, Coralie; Hiragaki, Susumu; Laurent, Virginie et al. (2016) Cone Viability Is Affected by Disruption of Melatonin Receptors Signaling. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 57:94-104
White, Todd E; Surles-Zeigler, Monique C; Ford, Gregory D et al. (2016) Bilateral gene interaction hierarchy analysis of the cell death gene response emphasizes the significance of cell cycle genes following unilateral traumatic brain injury. BMC Genomics 17:130
Zhang, Yuanyuan; George, Jasmine; Li, Yun et al. (2015) Matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression is enhanced in renal parietal epithelial cells of zucker diabetic Fatty rats and is induced by albumin in in vitro primary parietal cell culture. PLoS One 10:e0123276
Hyacinth, Hyacinth I; Adams, Robert J; Greenberg, Charles S et al. (2015) Effect of Chronic Blood Transfusion on Biomarkers of Coagulation Activation and Thrombin Generation in Sickle Cell Patients at Risk for Stroke. PLoS One 10:e0134193
Li, Yonggang; Lein, Pamela J; Ford, Gregory D et al. (2015) Neuregulin-1 inhibits neuroinflammatory responses in a rat model of organophosphate-nerve agent-induced delayed neuronal injury. J Neuroinflammation 12:64
Rust, George; Zhang, Shun; Holloway, Kelvin et al. (2015) Timing of emergency department visits for childhood asthma after initial inhaled corticosteroid use. Popul Health Manag 18:54-60

Showing the most recent 10 out of 65 publications