This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and related disorders remain the leading cause of death in the nation and diabetes in strongly linked to CVD. African-Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, American Indians, Alaska Natives, some Asian-Americans, Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders, are at particularly high risk for the development o type 2 diabetes. Rates of diabetes in ethnic and racial minorities are presently increased (1) and are projected to continue to increase at an alarming rate (2). Although access to medical care or genetic variations may have a role, an intriguing biological explanation to help explain this health disparity is racial differences in vitamin Dlevels. Racial/ethnic minorities have reduced serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D 925-OHD) levels, with African-Americans having lower levels than Caucasians and Hispanic/Latino Americans having intermediate levels (3-5). The low serum 25-OHD levels in racial/ethnic minorities may be due to increased skin pigmentation, although reduced sun exposure, reduced dietary intake of vitamin D or other factor may also play a role.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Specialized Center--Cooperative Agreements (U54)
Project #
5U54RR026138-03
Application #
8359854
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRR1-RI-8 (01))
Project Start
2011-07-01
Project End
2012-06-30
Budget Start
2011-07-01
Budget End
2012-06-30
Support Year
3
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$36,404
Indirect Cost
Name
Charles R. Drew University of Medicine & Science
Department
Type
Other Domestic Higher Education
DUNS #
785877408
City
Los Angeles
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
90059
Kermah, Dulcie; Shaheen, Magda; Pan, Deyu et al. (2017) Association between secondhand smoke and obesity and glucose abnormalities: data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 1999-2010). BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care 5:e000324
Paz, Sylvia H; Jones, Loretta; Calderón, José L et al. (2017) Readability and Comprehension of the Geriatric Depression Scale and PROMIS(®) Physical Function Items in Older African Americans and Latinos. Patient 10:117-131
Badr El-Din, Nariman K; Abdel Fattah, Salma M; Pan, Deyu et al. (2016) Chemopreventive Activity of MGN-3/Biobran Against Chemical Induction of Glandular Stomach Carcinogenesis in Rats and Its Apoptotic Effect in Gastric Cancer Cells. Integr Cancer Ther 15:NP26-NP34
Ghoneum, Mamdooh; Felo, Nouran (2015) Selective induction of apoptosis in human gastric cancer cells by Lactobacillus kefiri (PFT), a novel kefir product. Oncol Rep 34:1659-66
Ogunyemi, Omolola; Kermah, Dulcie (2015) Machine Learning Approaches for Detecting Diabetic Retinopathy from Clinical and Public Health Records. AMIA Annu Symp Proc 2015:983-90
Ghoneum, Mamdooh H; Badr El-Din, Nariman K; Abdel Fattah, Salma M et al. (2015) Hydroferrate fluid, MRN-100, provides protection against chemical-induced gastric and esophageal cancer in Wistar rats. Int J Biol Sci 11:295-303
Sinha-Hikim, I; Duran, P; Shen, R et al. (2015) Effect of long term vitamin D supplementation on biomarkers of inflammation in Latino and African-American subjects with pre-diabetes and hypovitaminosis D. Horm Metab Res 47:280-3
George, Sheba; Duran, Nelida; Norris, Keith (2014) A systematic review of barriers and facilitators to minority research participation among African Americans, Latinos, Asian Americans, and Pacific Islanders. Am J Public Health 104:e16-31
Davidson, Mayer B (2014) Self-mixed/split insulin regimen: a serious omission in the ADA/EASD position statement. Diabetes Care 37:3-4
Davidson, Mayer B; Pan, Deyu (2014) Epidemiological ramifications of diagnosing diabetes with HbA1c levels. J Diabetes Complications 28:464-9

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