The Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network (CPCCRN) is a highly productive research network that is essential to advancing the science and practice of pediatric critical care medicine. The overall aim of this renewal application is for Wayne State University (WSU), under the leadership of Kathleen Meert, MD, to continue as a clinical site in the CPCCRN. Dr. Meert, PI for the CPCCRN at WSU for the past 10 years, is a pediatric intensivist with a wealth of clinical and translational research experienc and an established track record of scientific publications for the CPCCRN. Additionally, Dr. Meert has demonstrated research expertise in behavioral medicine and communication science. Strengths of WSU as a clinical site include the Children s Hospital of Michigan (CHM), a free-standing, tertiary care, academic children s hospital offering the full spectrum of pediatric and surgical subspecialty services. The PICU at CHM is a 38-bed multidisciplinary unit that cares for >1500 patients/year with diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds. Over 85% of PICU patients have follow-up within the institution. CHM is an American College of Surgeons verified Level 1 Pediatric Trauma Center and an American Burn Association verified Burn Center. Additional strengths of WSU include its vast experience with federally-funded multicenter research networks such as the Neonatal Network, Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Intervention, Neurological Emergencies Treatment Trials Network, Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network, and the Children s Oncology Group. The concept proposal included in this application builds on prior CPCCRN research, led by Dr. Meert, demonstrating many challenges to achieving high quality parent-clinician communication in PICUs. High quality communication is especially important for parents with low health literacy, a key contributing factor to child health disparities. Patient- and family-centered communication (PFCC) may improve the quality of communication but depends, in part, on parents active participation (e.g., question asking) during clinical interactions. The objective of the concept proposal is to develop a novel communication intervention, the Question Prompt Toolkit; and determine the extent to which the intervention can enhance PFCC in PICUs, and thus improve child and family outcomes. The central hypothesis is that use of the Question Prompt Toolkit will increase parents active participation in clinical interactions, knowledge, self-efficacy and trust, reduce parent's anxiety, and ultimately contribute to better health-related quality of life for the child and reduced family burden, especially for families with low health literacy. The hypothesis will be tested in multicenter research that pursues 2 specific aims: (1) Develop the Question Prompt Toolkit for use among parents of critically-ill children; and (2) Determine the extent to which the Question Prompt Toolkit can enhance the use of PFCC in PICUs and improve child and family outcomes. The proposal is significant because it will contribute a new communication intervention that can be applied in PICU practice to address parents' communication needs and improve health outcomes.

Public Health Relevance

The concept proposal is relevant to public health because achieving high quality healthcare communication can help to improve the problem of low health literacy. Low health literacy among parents is a key contributor to racial and ethnic disparities i child health and healthcare. Thus, the concept proposal is relevant to the NIH s mission because eliminating health disparities is a major goal of Healthy People 2020.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Clinical Research Cooperative Agreements - Single Project (UG1)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZHD1)
Program Officer
Maholmes, Valerie
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Wayne State University
Schools of Medicine
United States
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Dalton, Heidi J; Reeder, Ron; Garcia-Filion, Pamela et al. (2017) Factors Associated with Bleeding and Thrombosis in Children Receiving Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 196:762-771
Cashen, Katherine; Reeder, Ron; Dalton, Heidi J et al. (2017) Functional Status of Neonatal and Pediatric Patients After Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation. Pediatr Crit Care Med 18:561-570
Slomine, Beth S; Nadkarni, Vinay M; Christensen, James R et al. (2017) Pediatric cardiac arrest due to drowning and other respiratory etiologies: Neurobehavioral outcomes in initially comatose children. Resuscitation 115:178-184
Newth, Christopher J L; Sward, Katherine A; Khemani, Robinder G et al. (2017) Variability in Usual Care Mechanical Ventilation for Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Time for a Decision Support Protocol? Pediatr Crit Care Med 18:e521-e529
Carcillo, Joseph A; Sward, Katherine; Halstead, E Scott et al. (2017) A Systemic Inflammation Mortality Risk Assessment Contingency Table for Severe Sepsis. Pediatr Crit Care Med 18:143-150
Berger, John T; Holubkov, Richard; Reeder, Ron et al. (2017) Morbidity and mortality prediction in pediatric heart surgery: Physiological profiles and surgical complexity. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 154:620-628.e6
Meert, Kathleen L; Eggly, Susan (2017) Interventions to Reduce Psychologic Morbidity After PICU Discharge: Challenges to Establishing Efficacy. Pediatr Crit Care Med 18:387-388
Moler, Frank W; Hutchison, Jamie S; Nadkarni, Vinay M et al. (2016) Targeted Temperature Management After Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Due To Drowning: Outcomes and Complications. Pediatr Crit Care Med 17:712-20
Keele, Linda; Meert, Kathleen L; Berg, Robert A et al. (2016) Limiting and Withdrawing Life Support in the PICU: For Whom Are These Options Discussed? Pediatr Crit Care Med 17:110-20
Zimmerman, Jerry J; Anand, Kanwaljeet J S; Meert, Kathleen L et al. (2016) Research as a Standard of Care in the PICU. Pediatr Crit Care Med 17:e13-21

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