The mission of the HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) is to conduct research designed to identify the best combinations of HIV prevention interventions to prevent HIV infection in populations at the highest risk for this infection. The HPTN will be led by Drs. Wafaa EI-Sadr, Columbia University, and Myron S. Cohen, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and supported by experienced operations, laboratory and statistical and data centers. The HPTN will address and support the two research Priority Areas in order to achieve the following eight Specific Aims:
Specific Aims for Priority Area 1: Integrate Strategies to Prevent HIV Infection:
Aim 1 : To develop an integrated strategy to prevent HIV infection in young women in Southern Africa;
Aim 2 : To develop integrated strategies to prevent HIV infection in men who have sex with men (MSM);Sub-aim 2a: To identify an integrated strategy to prevent HIV acquisition in HIV-uninfected MSM and transgender women in the Americas;Sub-aim 2b: To identify an integrated strategy to prevent HIV transmission from HIV-infected MSM in the United States (U.S.);
Aim 3 : To develop an integrated strategy to prevent HIV infection in injection drug users (IDUs) in Eastern Europe and Asia;
Aim 4 : To implement an integrated strategy to virtually eliminate (<1%) HIV transmission in discordant couples in sub-Saharan Africa {SSA};
Aim 5 : To develop methods to engage MSM in SSA in prevention research, paving the way for development of an integrated strategy to prevent HIV infection in this population Specific Aims for Priority Area 2: Pre-exposure Prophylaxis {PrEP}:
Aim 6 : To evaluate the efficacy of an ARV regimen containing maraviroc (MVC) for PrEP;
Aim 7 : To develop new agents for PrEP with favorable profiles, including long lasting agents;
Aim 8 : To develop pharmacostatistical models to define the role of new agents for PrEP.

Public Health Relevance

The research proposed by the HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) aims to combine known interventions and identify new ones to stop the transmission of HIV infection with the goal of inspiring changes in public health policy and practice, and to ending the HIV epidemic.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Research Project with Complex Structure Cooperative Agreement (UM1)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1-TS-A (S1))
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Gilbreath, Michael J
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Family Health International
United States
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Jennings, Larissa; Rompalo, Anne M; Wang, Jing et al. (2015) Prevalence and correlates of knowledge of male partner HIV testing and serostatus among African-American women living in high poverty, high HIV prevalence communities (HPTN 064). AIDS Behav 19:291-301
Mphonda, Steve M; Rosenberg, Nora E; Kamanga, Esmie et al. (2014) Assessment of peer-based and structural strategies for increasing male participation in an antenatal setting in Lilongwe, Malawi. Afr J Reprod Health 18:97-104
Corneli, Amy; Pettifor, Audrey; Kamanga, Gift et al. (2014) HPTN 062: a feasibility and acceptability pilot intervention to reduce HIV transmission risk behaviors among individuals with acute and early HIV infection in Lilongwe, Malawi. AIDS Behav 18:1785-800
Grinsztejn, Beatriz; Hosseinipour, Mina C; Ribaudo, Heather J et al. (2014) Effects of early versus delayed initiation of antiretroviral treatment on clinical outcomes of HIV-1 infection: results from the phase 3 HPTN 052 randomised controlled trial. Lancet Infect Dis 14:281-90
Farley, Jason E; Landers, Timothy F; Godfrey, Catherine et al. (2014) Optimizing the protection of research participants and personnel in HIV-related research where TB is prevalent: practical solutions for improving infection control. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 65 Suppl 1:S19-23
Kuo, Irene; Golin, Carol E; Wang, Jing et al. (2014) Substance use patterns and factors associated with changes over time in a cohort of heterosexual women at risk for HIV acquisition in the United States. Drug Alcohol Depend 139:93-9
Irvin, R; Wilton, L; Scott, H et al. (2014) A study of perceived racial discrimination in Black men who have sex with men (MSM) and its association with healthcare utilization and HIV testing. AIDS Behav 18:1272-8
Lucas, Gregory M; Young, Alicia; Donnell, Deborah et al. (2014) Hepatotoxicity in a 52-week randomized trial of short-term versus long-term treatment with buprenorphine/naloxone in HIV-negative injection opioid users in China and Thailand. Drug Alcohol Depend 142:139-45
Coates, Thomas J; Kulich, Michal; Celentano, David D et al. (2014) Effect of community-based voluntary counselling and testing on HIV incidence and social and behavioural outcomes (NIMH Project Accept; HPTN 043): a cluster-randomised trial. Lancet Glob Health 2:e267-77
Chen, Iris; Cummings, Vanessa; Fogel, Jessica M et al. (2014) Low-level Viremia early in HIV infection. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 67:405-8

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