The recently formed Glia-Neuron Interaction Lab is examining how rodent microglia respond to methamphetamine in both a chronic and acute exposure model. Ongoing work has identified dosing of methamphetamine that cuases unique activation of microglia in the striatum that can be used to examine how activated microglia can affect the surround neurons. A second ongoing project that has been conducted in collaboration with Dr. Jonathan Karn at Case Western University has show that methamphetamine can act directly on a human microglial cell line to activate NFkappaB signaling and increase the transcriptional activity of the HIV LTR promoter. Ongoing studies will examine the signaling by which methamphetamine can influence the NFkB signaling and HIV transcription in microglia.

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National Institute on Drug Abuse
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Anttila, Jenni E; Whitaker, Keith W; Wires, Emily S et al. (2016) Role of microglia in ischemic focal stroke and recovery: focus on Toll-like receptors. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry :
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Wires, Emily S; Alvarez, David; Dobrowolski, Curtis et al. (2012) Methamphetamine activates nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) and induces human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transcription in human microglial cells. J Neurovirol 18:400-10