To date we have generated mice with Gq/11-alpha deficiency in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN) using Sim1-cre transgenic mice. Findings to date show that these mice are underweight in the first month of life but then do develop severe obesity associated with hyperphagia with no change in energy expenditure. They also show a defect in the ability of a melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) agonist (MTII) to inhibit food intake acutely. These findings suggest that MC4R inhibits food intake via a Gq/11-alpha pathway in the PVN. We also knocked out Gq/11-alpha in adipose tissue using aP2-cre transgenic mice and see no major phenotype, in contrast to what we see after knocking out Gs-alpha using this same cre-transgenic line (DK043316)

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