In the mid-1980s we carried out a prospective study of early pregnancy in which we enrolled 221 health women who were planning to become pregnant. These women collected daily urine specimens for up to six months. We've assayed these specimens to describe the hormonal events of the menstrual cycle and early pregnancy. 155 women became clinically pregnant during the study, while 44 had pregnancies that ended so early that the pregnancies were detectable only by assay of urinary human chorionic gonadotropin. This unique study has been called a landmark, and continues to provide a rich resource for the description of the earliest stages of pregnancy. (More than 30,000 urine samples are still being stored.) We've published 50 papers from this study over the past two decades, some of which have led to new understanding of the fundamental processes of conception and early pregnancy. In addition, we have continued to make use of large population registries in order to pursue basic questions on pregnancy and maternal and infant health. We have worked especially closely with Norwegian colleagues in the analysis of the Norwegian Medical Birth Registry. Last year's progress. We are conducting a study of prenatal exposures and the subsequent risk of cerebral palsy, based within the two national birth cohorts of Norway and Denmark. This study, in collaboration with Norwegian and Danish researchers, includes 350 children with cerebral palsy whose mothers were enrolled in the two birth cohorts. This is by far the largest cohort study of cerebral palsy ever conducted, and allows biological specimens collected during pregnancy to be used to identify exposures and early biological changes (such as inflammation) that may lead to cerebral palsy.

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Morken, N-H; Skjaerven, R; Wilcox, Aj (2014) Ultrasound prediction of perinatal outcome: the unrecognised value of sibling data. BJOG :
Tollanes, Mette C; Wilcox, Allen J; Lie, Rolv T et al. (2014) Familial risk of cerebral palsy: population based cohort study. BMJ 349:g4294
Trønnes, Håvard; Wilcox, Allen J; Lie, Rolv T et al. (2014) Risk of cerebral palsy in relation to pregnancy disorders and preterm birth: a national cohort study. Dev Med Child Neurol 56:779-85
Jukic, A M; Baird, D D; Weinberg, C R et al. (2013) Length of human pregnancy and contributors to its natural variation. Hum Reprod :
Jukic, Anne Marie Z; Lawlor, Debbie A; Juhl, Mette et al. (2013) Physical activity during pregnancy and language development in the offspring. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 27:283-93
Basso, Olga; Wilcox, Allen J (2009) Intersecting birth weight-specific mortality curves: solving the riddle. Am J Epidemiol 169:787-97
Nepomnaschy, Pablo A; Baird, Donna Day; Weinberg, Clarice R et al. (2009) Within-person variability in urinary bisphenol A concentrations: measurements from specimens after long-term frozen storage. Environ Res 109:734-7
Baird, Donna Day; Saldana, Tina M; Nepomnaschy, Pablo A et al. (2009) Within-person variability in urinary phthalate metabolite concentrations: measurements from specimens after long-term frozen storage. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol :
Nepomnaschy, P A; Weinberg, C R; Wilcox, A J et al. (2008) Urinary hCG patterns during the week following implantation. Hum Reprod 23:271-7
Jukic, Anne Marie Zaura; Weinberg, Clarice R; Wilcox, Allen J et al. (2008) Accuracy of reporting of menstrual cycle length. Am J Epidemiol 167:25-33

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