Air pollutants cause increased morbidity and mortality in the US, with an estimated 135,000 premature deaths due to ozone and particulate matter of 2.5 microns/cubic meter in 2005. Poor air quality has also been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes including preterm delivery, restricted fetal growth/low birth weight and infant mortality. This project examines air quality measures in relation to menstrual/ovarian function and labor/delivery data to add to the literature on reproductive health outcomes associated with air pollutant exposures. Of particular interest are pregnancy outcomes for women with asthma, who may represent a vulnerable subgroup for the combined effects of poor air quality and asthma-related health effects and the novel assessment of hormone fluctuations associated with exposure to traffic and monitored air quality. Most prior studies of air pollution and pregnancy outcomes have been based on vital record data. This project represents an opportunity to evaluate labor and delivery complications on a broad national level and hormone measures that have not been previously studied. Exposure assessment is based on Community Multiscale Air Quality models.

Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$32,619
Indirect Cost
City
State
Country
Zip Code
Ha, Sandie; Zhu, Yeyi; Liu, Danping et al. (2017) Ambient temperature and air quality in relation to small for gestational age and term low birthweight. Environ Res 155:394-400
Ha, Sandie; Liu, Danping; Zhu, Yeyi et al. (2017) Ambient Temperature and Stillbirth: A Multi-Center Retrospective Cohort Study. Environ Health Perspect 125:067011
Ha, Sandie; Liu, Danping; Zhu, Yeyi et al. (2017) Ambient Temperature and Early Delivery of Singleton Pregnancies. Environ Health Perspect 125:453-459
Ha, Sandie; Mendola, Pauline (2017) Invited Commentary: Ambient Environment and the Risk of Preterm Birth. Am J Epidemiol 185:259-261
Zhang, Jie; Li, Jingyi; Wang, Peng et al. (2017) Estimating population exposure to ambient polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon in the United States - Part I: Model development and evaluation. Environ Int 99:263-274
Mendola, Pauline; Ha, Sandie; Pollack, Anna Z et al. (2017) Chronic and Acute Ozone Exposure in the Week Prior to Delivery Is Associated with the Risk of Stillbirth. Int J Environ Res Public Health 14:
Mendola, Pauline; Sundaram, Rajeshwari; Louis, Germaine M Buck et al. (2017) Proximity to major roadways and prospectively-measured time-to-pregnancy and infertility. Sci Total Environ 576:172-177
Zhu, Yeyi; Zhang, Cuilin; Liu, Danping et al. (2017) Ambient air pollution and risk of gestational hypertension. Am J Epidemiol :
Ha, Sandie; Männistö, Tuija; Liu, Danping et al. (2017) Air pollution and cardiovascular events at labor and delivery: a case-crossover analysis. Ann Epidemiol 27:377-383
Zhang, Jie; Wang, Peng; Li, Jingyi et al. (2016) Estimating population exposure to ambient polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon in the United States - Part II: Source apportionment and cancer risk assessment. Environ Int 97:163-170

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