The Section leads novel clinical trials and conducts correlative biologic studies and pre-clinical investigations into the biology of leukemias and lymphomas in collaboration with intramural and extramural investigators. A major focus of the Hematologic Diseases Section research program is the development of targeted agents for childhood leukemias and lymphomas. Among the most active programs is the study of anti-CD22 immunotoxin agents RFB4(dsFv)-PE38 developed at the NCI in the therapy of drug-resistant acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). A pediatric Phase I trial of a first-generation agent (BL22, CAT-3888) was conducted at the NCI (Wayne et al, Clin Cancer Res 2010;16:1894). BL22 was shown to have an acceptable safety profile and clinical activity was observed in children with multiply relapsed chemotherapy resistant ALL. Studies of a modified agent with higher CD22 binding affinity (moxetumomab pasudotox, HA22, CAT-8015) showed improved in vitro cytotoxicity against childhood ALL blasts (Mussai et al, Br J Haematol 2010, Epub ahead of print 2010 Jun 7, PMID: 20528877). A pediatric Phase I trial of HA22 is in progress at the NCI, St. Jude Childrens Research Hospital, and the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Childrens Hospital, Boston. Complete remissions in chemotherapy-refractory ALL have been achieved with this new agent (Wayne et al, Blood 2009;114(22):345a;Wayne et al, Blood 2010;116:3246a;Wayne et al, Blood 2011;118:1317a;Shah et al, Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2012;18(2), Suppl 2:S234). Another major area of investigation is in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AlloSCT) for pediatric leukemias and lymphomas. Relapse remains a major cause of failure of AlloSCT in the treatment of children and adolescents with leukemia. The Section investigates methods to direct allogeneic anti-cancer responses in attempt to enhance graft-versus-leukemia effects after AlloSCT. The Section also serves in a leadership role in a broad NCI program that addresses the problem of relapse after AlloSCT. These efforts include an NCI-sponsored International Workshop on the Biology, Prevention, and Treatment of Relapse after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (Bishop et al, Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2010;16:564) and specific studies of the natural history, biology, and treatment of relapse after AlloSCT. The clinical trial development activities of the Section are conducted in collaboration with a number of pediatric oncology consortia and cooperative groups including the Childrens Oncology Group and the Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant Consortium.
|Wayne, Alan S; Reaman, Gregory H; Helman, Lee J (2008) Progress in the curative treatment of childhood hematologic malignancies. J Natl Cancer Inst 100:1271-3|
|Rau, Rachel; Fitzhugh, Courtney D; Baird, Kristin et al. (2008) Triad of severe abdominal pain, inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, and disseminated varicella-zoster virus infection preceding cutaneous manifestations after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: utility of PCR for early recognition and ther Pediatr Infect Dis J 27:265-8|