This award supports the participation of U.S. researchers and graduate students in an Advanced Studies Institute (ASI) in particle physics and cosmology to be held in Hue, Vietnam in July 2011. It will be hosted by the University of Hue and is supported by BCVSPIN (Bangladesh, China, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, India, Nepal) a group that supports this area of science. The U.S. organizer is Professor Qaisar Shafi at the University of Delaware in Newark. Other sponsors are the University of Virginia in Blacksburg; Hue University College of Education in Vietnam; the Institute of Physics in Hanoi, Vietnam and the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, Italy. In addition to participation from the countries mentioned above, it will also include scientists and graduate students from Indonesia, Malaysia, Laos and Thailand. The scientific motivation for this Institute is based on the premise that the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) now operating at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland will be able to unlock some of the deepest secrets of the universe. There are many experimentalists and theoretical physicists racing to discover new laws of physics. Such discoveries could greatly alter the face of physics. The main research areas to be discussed include: 1) the origin of mass; 2) the origin of matter in the universe; 3) the nature of dark matter particles; and 4) supersymmetric nature. In addition, they will discuss if there may be complimentary ground-breaking satellite and terrestrial experiments that are helping lay the foundations of modern (post big-bang) cosmology. Each of the above topics will be discussed in depth by leading experts from the U.S. and Europe. The principle lectures will be held during the morning and afternoon, and the evenings will be reserved for discussion and support sessions.
It is anticipated that this Institute will facilitate the creation of global scientific networks among physicists from the U.S. and Asian institutions. It also provides an exceptional opportunity for interaction between U.S. scientists and students with their counterparts. U.S. researchers could select Asian graduate students and postdocs to work at their home institutions and invite faculty members for short research stays in order to engage in new collaborative projects. It will also provide the young Asian scientists and students, who often lack access to conferences, journals and scientific exchange, the opportunity to interact with world class experimentalists and theorists in particle physics and cosmology thereby allowing them to keep abreast of the most recent developments and perhaps even provide them a venue for presenting their ideas and work as well.
This NSF funding has supported a total of three summer schools entitled BCVSPIN / NSF Advanced Study Institute. The acronym BCVSPIN denotes Bangladesh, China, Vietnam, SriLanka, Pakistan, India, Nepal. The 2011 school was held in Hue, Vietnam. In 2013 the school was held in Hangzhou, China. The final school was held in 2014 in Manzanillo, Mexico. Topics: "High Energy Physics, Cosmology and Particle Astrophysics" Leading lecturers from several countries lectured at these schools, and extensive details about the three schools, partially supported by the NSF, can be found in the final report submitted to the NSF on February 23, 2015. The 2011 school was attended by participants from the BCVSPIN countries as well as participants from Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand. Some of the participants also took part in a preceding school organized in collaboration with some colleagues from France. The 2013 school was held in Hangzhou, China and attracted close o a 100 participants mainly from the BCVSPIN countries. The bulk of the funding for this school came from our chinese colleagues, accompanied by key support from the NSF and Mitchell Foundation (USA.) The 2014 school was held in Manzanillo, Mexico, and particpants came from BCVSPIN and the Latin American countries. This school received support from the NSF, Mitchell Foundation, ICTP (Trieste) and the mexican Physical Society.