The PI's request partial funding to support the publishing of a special issue of Oceanography magazine in September 2011 (volume 24, number 3) on the topic of Arctic oceanography. The Arctic Ocean is experiencing profound changes, including shrinking amounts of sea ice, ocean acidification, increasing ocean temperatures, all of which have consequences for Arctic ecosystems. The proposed set of peer reviewed papers will cover the geological, physical, chemical, biological, and human dimension aspects of recent Arctic change as observed during the recent International Polar Year. These topics represent major investments by US and international funding agencies.
The proposed focus on the Arctic is timely and important, given rapidly changing conditions and the recent wealth of activity related to the IPY. This activity will advance understanding of the dynamically changing Arctic. With the intense focus on the Arctic by research funding agencies, government agencies and industry, publications such as this would be helpful for identifying gaps in research. The audience of TOS is broader than academic scientists, and is used by K-12 and informal educators as well as the academic community. And TOS has been a champion of helping scientists with education and outreach, through partnerships with COSEE and others.
The Oceanography Society published a special issue of Oceanography magazine in September 2011 (Volume 24, Number 3) titled "The Changing Arctic Ocean." This issue was distributed to all Oceanography Society members, individual and institutional subscribers and supporting federal agencies. Articles from this issue are freely available for download at the following website: http://tos.org/oceanography/archive/24-3.html Over the last few decades, the Arctic Ocean has experienced profound changes. These changes have important consequences for marine ecosystems and the people of the north that depend on them, and are intimately linked to the global climate system. Moreover, modeling studies predict that the Arctic could become seasonally ice free in the next decades. In addition to the direct effects on local and global climate, seasonally ice-free conditions potentially open up the Arctic to resource exploitation, a situation driving international efforts in seafloor mapping. The recent changes and the possibility of new discoveries in the under observed polar regions motivated intensified observational efforts in the Arctic and Antarctic during the 2007–2009 International Polar Year (IPY). The international research community, under the auspices of the International Council of Science, identified six main research themes for the IPY: Status, Change, Global Linkages, New Frontiers, Vantage Point, and, Human Dimension. The articles included in this special Arctic Ocean issue of Oceanography cover these topics as well as others and represent major investments by US and international funding agencies. The articles in this issue of Oceanography are written for a broad, scientifically literate audience so that cross-disciplinary discussions are facilitated and science is also transmitted in an attractive, readable, and professional way to managers and decision-makers. This special issue has been used in workshops and as classroom teaching material. Article titles, authors and digital object identifiers (DOIs) appears below: From the Guest Editors: An Introduction to the Special Issue J.D. Ortiz, K.K. Falkner, P.A. Matrai, and R.A. Woodgate. 2011. Oceanography 24(3):14–16, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.49. US Arctic Research Policy K. Moran and J.W. Farrell. 2011. Oceanography 24(3):18–25, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.51. The Holocene History of Nares Strait: Transition from Glacial Bay to Arctic-Atlantic Throughflow A.E. Jennings, C. Sheldon, T.M. Cronin, P. Francus, J. Stoner, and J. Andrews. 2011. Oceanography24(3):26–41, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.52. Paleomagnetism Near the North Magnetic Pole: A Unique Vantage Point for Understanding the Dynamics of the Geomagnetic Field and Its Secular Variations G. St-Onge and J.S. Stoner. 2011. Oceanography 24(3):42–50, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.53. Quaternary Sedimentation in the Arctic Ocean: Recent Advances and Further Challenges L. Polyak and M. Jakobsson. 2011. Oceanography 24(3):52–64, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.55. A Synthesis of the Long-Term Paleoclimatic Evolution of the Arctic M. O'Regan, C.J. Williams, K.E. Frey, and M. Jakobsson. 2011. Oceanography 24(3):66–80, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.57. A Synthesis of Exchanges Through the Main Oceanic Gateways to the Arctic Ocean A. Beszczynska-Möller, R.A. Woodgate, C. Lee, H. Melling, and M. Karcher. 2011. Oceanography24(3):82–99, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.59. Recent Advances in Arctic Ocean Studies Employing Models from the Arctic Ocean Model Intercomparison Project A. Proshutinsky, Y. Aksenov, J. Clement Kinney, R. Gerdes, E. Golubeva, D. Holland, G. Holloway, A. Jahn, M. Johnson, E. Popova, M. Steele, and E. Watanabe. 2011. Oceanography 24(3):102–113, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.61. Ocean Warming of Nares Strait Bottom Waters O? Northwest Greenland, 2003–2009 A. Münchow, K.K. Falkner, H. Melling, B. Rabe, and H.L. Johnson. 2011. Oceanography 24(3):114–123, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.62. The Ice-Tethered Profiler: Argo of the Arctic J.M. Toole, R.A. Krishfield, M.-L. Timmermans, and A. Proshutinsky. 2011. Oceanography 24(3):126–135, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.64. Impact of Wind-Driven Mixing in the Arctic Ocean L. Rainville, C.M. Lee, and R.A. Woodgate. 2011. Oceanography 24(3):136–145, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.65. The Rapid Response of the Canada Basin to Climate Forcing: From Bellwether to Alarm Bells F. McLaughlin, E. Carmack, A. Proshutinsky, R.A. Krishfield, C. Guay, M. Yamamoto-Kawai, J.M. Jackson, and B. Williams. 2011. Oceanography 24(3):146–159, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.66. The Changing Arctic Sea Ice Cover D.K. Perovich. 2011. Oceanography 24(3):162–173, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.68. Potential Arctic Change Through Climate Amplification Processes J.E. Overland. 2011. Oceanography 24(3):176–185, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.70. The Ocean Carbon Cycle in the Western Arctic Ocean: Distributions and Air-Sea Fluxes of Carbon Dioxide N.R. Bates, W.-J. Cai, and J.T. Mathis. 2011. Oceanography 24(3):186–201, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.71. Sea Ice Biogeochemistry and Material Transport Across the Frozen Interface B. Loose, L.A. Miller, S. Elliott, and T. Papakyriakou. 2011. Oceanography 24(3):202–218, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.72. Future Arctic Ocean Seasonal Ice Zones and Implications for Pelagic-Benthic Coupling P. Wassmann and M. Reigstad. 2011. Oceanography 24(3):220–231, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.74. Arctic Marine Biodiversity: An Update of Species Richness and Examples of Biodiversity Change B.A. Bluhm, A.V. Gebruk, R. Gradinger, R.R. Hopcroft, F. Huettmann, K.N. Kosobokova, B.I. Sirenko, and J.M. Weslawski. 2011. Oceanography 24(3):232–248, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.75. Fluxes, Fins, and Feathers: Relationships Among the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas in a Time of Climate Change M.F. Sigler, M. Renner, S.L. Danielson, L.B. Eisner, R.R. Lauth, K.J. Kuletz, E.A. Logerwell, and G.L. Hunt Jr. 2011. Oceanography 24(3):250–265, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.77. "The Ocean is Always Changing": Nearshore and Farshore Perspectives on Arctic Coastal Seas A. Fienup-Riordan and E. Carmack. 2011. Oceanography 24(3):266–279, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.78.