) Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a lethal autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutation of the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). The majority of CF patients harbor at least one copy of the F508del-CFTR variant, which results in protein misfolding and severe multi-organ damage. An overarching goal of this proposal is to identify cellular targets that can ameliorate disease phenotype by correcting basic genetic defects resulting from F508del and less prevalent variants, such as premature truncation codons (PTCs) unresponsive to current therapy. It has become increasingly evident that CFTR coding sequence alterations not only disrupt primary protein structure, but also perturb ribosome dynamics, consequent mRNA utilization, and protein folding/biogenesis. In previous studies, yeast phenomic analyses led to discovery of ribosomal protein (RP) modules as effectors of F508del-CFTR trafficking. In this context, we have established that Rpl12 (uL11) depletion rescues the F508del-CFTR defect by reducing rates of translation initiation and elongation, thereby allowing the ribosome and/or associated chaperones to promote a functional protein conformation. Findings outlined in the present K99/R00 demonstrate that Rpl12 suppression also corrects a rare PTC, W1282X-CFTR, to a degree that may benefit patients in the clinic. Thus, we hypothesize that RP silencing alters translational velocity and/or ribosome fidelity to partially rescue synthesis and assembly of refractory CFTR variants. We propose three specific aims: (1) characterize the effect(s) of RP inhibition on mutant CFTR biogenesis, (2) ascertain the mechanism by which RP silencing alters translational kinetics to rescue refractory CFTR variants, and (3) determine in vivo relevance of RPL12 disruption in transgenic CF mice. We will utilize multidisciplinary expertise directed towards cellular biology, biochemistry, molecular genetics, and mammalian physiology to mechanistically address a fundamental hypothesis regarding new ways the ribosome influences protein folding. The studies are intended to establish translation control as a novel and critical checkpoint during CFTR processing, and identify specific RPs in addition to Rpl12 that mediate this pathway. Such results will improve understanding of cystic fibrosis disease mechanism, establish safety of repressing Rpl12 in animal models, and provide a basis for testing relevance of the strategy in other inherited human disease states. During the funding period of this award, Dr. Oliver will receive training in CFTR biochemical techniques, ribosome profiling, RNA- seq, bioinformatics, murine models of CF, and career/professional development. Mentorship in these areas will prepare her for the independent (R00) phase of the award. Emory University provides a rich environment for career advancement and leverages state-of-the-art facilities in a highly collaborative academic research center. Once Dr. Oliver has successfully completed the studies described for her K99, she will be well positioned to pursue a faculty position and her desired career as an independent CF researcher.
The majority of individuals diagnosed with cystic fibrosis (CF) harbor a deletion of phenylalanine 508 (F508del) in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), which causes protein misfolding and degradation, resulting in severe multi-organ damage. Preliminary data outlined in this proposal demonstrates that suppression of specific ribosomal proteins (RPs) not only rescues F508del-CFTR biogenesis, but also other CFTR variants that are unresponsive to current therapies. In this project, we will elucidate mechanism(s) by which RP inhibition corrects mutant CFTR processing, and evaluate in vivo relevance of this pathway in murine models of the disease.