This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. The subproject and investigator (PI) may have received primary funding from another NIH source, and thus could be represented in other CRISP entries. The institution listed is for the Center, which is not necessarily the institution for the investigator. Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) is characterized by beta-cell dysfunction and insulin resistance. Short-term mild hyperglycemia enhances one or both these parameters in normal humans [1, 2]. To determine whether short-term mild hyperglycemia improves beta-cell function and insulin sensitivity in subjects with IGT, we will evaluate the effects of 24-h glucose and saline infusions on these parameters. Furthermore, we will compare these responses in subjects with IGT and subjects with NGT. Beta-cell function and insulin sensitivity will be quantified using a frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test (FSIGTT) and this will be followed by an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) to measure the incretin hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), that play important roles in regulating insulin secretion. The incretin hormone response to a standard meal and change in plasma lipoprotein concentration will also be tested in subjects with IGT or NGT after being exposed to short-term glucose or saline infusion.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
General Clinical Research Centers Program (M01)
Project #
5M01RR000037-46
Application #
7379365
Study Section
National Center for Research Resources Initial Review Group (RIRG)
Project Start
2006-04-01
Project End
2007-03-31
Budget Start
2006-04-01
Budget End
2007-03-31
Support Year
46
Fiscal Year
2006
Total Cost
$20,674
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Washington
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
605799469
City
Seattle
State
WA
Country
United States
Zip Code
98195
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Wander, Pandora L; Hayashi, Tomoshige; Sato, Kyoko Kogawa et al. (2018) Design and validation of a novel estimator of visceral adipose tissue area and comparison to existing adiposity surrogates. J Diabetes Complications 32:1062-1067
Purnell, Jonathan Q; Johnson, Geoffrey S; Wahed, Abdus S et al. (2018) Prospective evaluation of insulin and incretin dynamics in obese adults with and without diabetes for 2 years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Diabetologia 61:1142-1154
King, Wendy C; Hinerman, Amanda S; Belle, Steven H et al. (2018) Comparison of the Performance of Common Measures of Weight Regain After Bariatric Surgery for Association With Clinical Outcomes. JAMA 320:1560-1569
Han, Seung Jin; Fujimoto, Wilfred Y; Kahn, Steven E et al. (2018) Change in visceral adiposity is an independent predictor of future arterial pulse pressure. J Hypertens 36:299-305
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Field, Alison E; Inge, Thomas H; Belle, Steven H et al. (2018) Association of Obesity Subtypes in the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery Study and 3-Year Postoperative Weight Change. Obesity (Silver Spring) 26:1931-1937
O'Rourke, Robert W; Johnson, Geoffrey S; Purnell, Jonathan Q et al. (2018) Serum biomarkers of inflammation and adiposity in the LABS cohort: associations with metabolic disease and surgical outcomes. Int J Obes (Lond) :
Cherrier, M M; Cross, D J; Higano, C S et al. (2018) Changes in cerebral metabolic activity in men undergoing androgen deprivation therapy for non-metastatic prostate cancer. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis 21:394-402

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