Project 1 aims to characterize the accumulation of fibrillar cerebral amyloid-beta (AP) over the age range from the time of onset of Ap deposits to the time when Ap levels approximate those of symptomatic Alzheimer's disease (AD). Project 1 proposes a longitudinal [^^C] PIB imaging study in the cohort of the Adult Children Study (ACS). PET PIB scans will be done on ail ACS participants every two years. The data to be obtained will greatly expand knowledge about preclinical AD and the clinical correlates of Ap accumulation. The long term objective of this effort is to obtain data that will facilitate and foster the design and conduct of clinical trials of anti-Ap therapies for the primary prevention of symptomatic AD. In particular, it aims to help determine the optimal time for intervention in such a trial.
Specific Aims are: 1. Obtain longitudinal [""""""""C] PIB PET scans every 2 years in cognitively normal ACS participants to identify the conversion rate from no or minimal fibrillar Ajj deposition to appreciable AP accumulation, defined by mean cortical binding potential (MCBP) for PIB >0.18, and determine whether this rate is affected by age, APOE genotype, and parental history of AD. 2. Determine the rate and trajectory of change in Ap accumulation in ACS participants, both those with appreciable Ap deposits at their baseline [^^C] PIB PET scan and those lacking Ap deposits at baseline. 3. Examine associations and interactions of cognitive and brain reserve variables (e.g., normalized whole brain volume;regional atrophy;occupation;educational attainment) with longitudinal cognitive performance, obtained in the Clinical Core, in participants with and without Ap accumulation. 4. Correlate findings from Project 1 with appropriate data from Projects 2, 3, and 4 and utilize the Administration (e.g., budgetary oversight), Clinical (e.g., source of participants;longitudinal clinical and cognitive data), Biomarker (e.g., cerebrospinal fluid levels of AP42 in Project 1 participants imaged for Ap deposits), and Data Management and Biostatistics (e.g., data analyses) Cores of this program project grant.
Clarifying the exact timing of amyloid plaque deposition and accumulation that precede symptomatic AD would be extremely helpful in fully understanding the biological origins of AD and to assist in the design of appropriate preventative treatments.
|Musiek, Erik S; Bhimasani, Meghana; Zangrilli, Margaret A et al. (2018) Circadian Rest-Activity Pattern Changes in Aging and Preclinical Alzheimer Disease. JAMA Neurol 75:582-590|
|Aschenbrenner, Andrew J; Gordon, Brian A; Benzinger, Tammie L S et al. (2018) Influence of tau PET, amyloid PET, and hippocampal volume on cognition in Alzheimer disease. Neurology 91:e859-e866|
|Day, Gregory S; Gordon, Brian A; Perrin, Richard J et al. (2018) In vivo [18F]-AV-1451 tau-PET imaging in sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Neurology 90:e896-e906|
|Lewczuk, Piotr; Riederer, Peter; O'Bryant, Sid E et al. (2018) Cerebrospinal fluid and blood biomarkers for neurodegenerative dementias: An update of the Consensus of the Task Force on Biological Markers in Psychiatry of the World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry. World J Biol Psychiatry 19:244-328|
|Oxtoby, Neil P; Young, Alexandra L; Cash, David M et al. (2018) Data-driven models of dominantly-inherited Alzheimer's disease progression. Brain 141:1529-1544|
|Allison, Samantha; Babulal, Ganesh M; Stout, Sarah H et al. (2018) Alzheimer Disease Biomarkers and Driving in Clinically Normal Older Adults: Role of Spatial Navigation Abilities. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 32:101-106|
|La Joie, Renaud; Bejanin, Alexandre; Fagan, Anne M et al. (2018) Associations between [18F]AV1451 tau PET and CSF measures of tau pathology in a clinical sample. Neurology 90:e282-e290|
|Broce, Iris; Karch, Celeste M; Wen, Natalie et al. (2018) Correction: Immune-related genetic enrichment in frontotemporal dementia: An analysis of genome-wide association studies. PLoS Med 15:e1002504|
|Liao, Fan; Li, Aimin; Xiong, Monica et al. (2018) Targeting of nonlipidated, aggregated apoE with antibodies inhibits amyloid accumulation. J Clin Invest 128:2144-2155|
|Yan, Qi; Nho, Kwangsik; Del-Aguila, Jorge L et al. (2018) Genome-wide association study of brain amyloid deposition as measured by Pittsburgh Compound-B (PiB)-PET imaging. Mol Psychiatry :|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 352 publications