The overall goal of this research program is to understand transplantation tolerance mediated by costimulation blockade. This form of transplantation tolerance is associated with the deletion of alloreactive CDS T cells. Importantly, the activafion of innate immunity by virus infection or exposure to Toll-like receptor agonists can prevent both alloreactive CDS T cell delefion and tolerance induction. The specific focus of this Study is to define the molecular mechanisms of CDS T cell apoptosis. We propose to examine the biochemical mechanism of CDS T cell death (Specific Aim 1). These Studies will provide the foundation for molecular studies of specific pathways of CD8 T cell death (Specific Aims 2 &3). It is established that members of the Bcl2 protein family act as critical regulators of CDS T cell death. Moreover, members ofthe stress-activated protein kinase family are implicated in the regulafion of CDS T cell death. We will examine these pathways during the induction of transplantation tolerance during co-sfimulation blockade. We will also examine CDB T cell death when transplantafion tolerance is disrupted by exposure to Toll-like receptor agonists and lymphocyfic choriomeningifis virus (LCMV) infection. These studies are fully integrated within the theme of the Program Project and depend upon collaborative studies with the other Projects.
The Specific Aims of this proposal are to examine the: 1. Biochemical mechanism of CDS T cell death. 2. Role of stress-activated MAP kinases in CDS T cell death. 3. Role of Bcl2 familv proteins in CDB T cell death. We anticipate that the successful completion of these studies will provide important new insight into the understanding of transplantafion tolerance and that the new informafion we obtain will contribute to the design of therapies for the treatment of human disease.

Public Health Relevance

The inducfion of immune tolerance is important for successful organ transplantation. The focus of this Program Project is the analysis of a co-stimulation blockade protocol that leads to the deletion of alloreactive CDS T cells. The goal of this project is to define the biochemical mechanism of CDB T cell death. This information is critical for understanding immune tolerance and for the development of improved therapeutic strategies.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Research Program Projects (P01)
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University of Massachusetts Medical School Worcester
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