Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous human herpesvirus virus that can infect both B lymphocytes and epithelial cells. Depending upon the cell type and its state of differentiation, infection by EBV leads to either lytic replication with cell death or a latent infection. Latent EBV infections are associated with several B-cell and epithelial-cell malignancies including Burkitt's lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease, non-Hodgkin's lymphomas in immunocompromised individuals, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, and some gastric carcinomas. Thus, understanding regulation of EBV latency versus lytic replication is crucial for developing therapies to treat these diseases. The BZLF1 and BRLF1 genes of EBV encode multifunctional proteins essential for lytic replication. While the BZLF1 and BRLF1 promoters are inactive in latently infected cells, cell differentiation and activators of certain cell signaling pathways can induce BZLF1 and BRLF1 expression, promoting EBV reactivation into lytic replication. In this Project, we will (i) identify cellular factors that play key roles in regulating expression of these two immediate-early genes in both B cells and epithelial cells, and (ii) examine how these factors contribute to controlling the balance between latent and lytic EBV infection in a variety of cell types and during cellular differentiation. In conjunction with Project 5, these results may lead to new therapies for treating EBV-associated cancers.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of Wisconsin Madison
United States
Zip Code
Meyers, Jordan M; Grace, Miranda; Uberoi, Aayushi et al. (2018) Inhibition of TGF-? and NOTCH Signaling by Cutaneous Papillomaviruses. Front Microbiol 9:389
Uberoi, Aayushi; Yoshida, Satoshi; Lambert, Paul F (2018) Development of an in vivo infection model to study Mouse papillomavirus-1 (MmuPV1). J Virol Methods 253:11-17
Djavadian, Reza; Hayes, Mitchell; Johannsen, Eric (2018) CAGE-seq analysis of Epstein-Barr virus lytic gene transcription: 3 kinetic classes from 2 mechanisms. PLoS Pathog 14:e1007114
Chakravorty, Adityarup; Sugden, Bill (2018) Long-distance communication: Looping of human papillomavirus genomes regulates expression of viral oncogenes. PLoS Biol 16:e3000062
Chiu, Ya-Fang; Sugden, Bill (2018) Plasmid Partitioning by Human Tumor Viruses. J Virol 92:
Shin, Myeong-Kyun; Payne, Susan N; Bilger, Andrea et al. (2018) Activating Mutations in Pik3caContribute to Anal Carcinogenesis in the Presence or Absence of HPV-16 Oncogenes. Clin Cancer Res :
Hoebe, Eveline; Wille, Coral; Hagemeier, Stacy et al. (2018) Epstein-Barr Virus Gene BARF1 Expression is Regulated by the Epithelial Differentiation Factor ?Np63? in Undifferentiated Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma. Cancers (Basel) 10:
Nyman, Patrick E; Buehler, Darya; Lambert, Paul F (2018) Loss of Function of Canonical Notch Signaling Drives Head and Neck Carcinogenesis. Clin Cancer Res 24:6308-6318
Weng, Chao; Lee, Denis; Gelbmann, Christopher B et al. (2018) Human Cytomegalovirus Productively Replicates In Vitro in Undifferentiated Oral Epithelial Cells. J Virol 92:
Bristol, Jillian A; Djavadian, Reza; Albright, Emily R et al. (2018) A cancer-associated Epstein-Barr virus BZLF1 promoter variant enhances lytic infection. PLoS Pathog 14:e1007179

Showing the most recent 10 out of 434 publications