The Protein and Biochemistry Core will express and purify proteins for all members of the Program Project. In addition. Core B will perform quantitative analyses of protein-DNA interacfions and characterize the kinefic properties of DNA repair proteins using high-throughput fluorimetric assays.
Specific Aim 1 : (A) To opfimize the expression and purificafion of DNA repair proteins Core B will produce mg amounts of soluble proteins for Projects 1, 2, 3, and 4. We will express the proteins in different E. coli strains using protocols and methods that have proven successful in the past four years in our laboratory, such as autoinducfion. We will continue to use limited proteolysis in conjunction with bioinformatics to delineate funcfional domains and express smaller fragments, if the full-length protein construct fails to overexpress. (B) To optimize the solubility and stability of proteins and complexes to be used in crystallizafion experiments, by characterizing solvent effects on protein aggregafion properties using dynamic light scattering and analytical gel filtrafion. Crystallization trials using commercial kits will be set up using a robofic workstafion.
Specific Aim 2 : To perform rapid quantitative analyses of protein-DNA interacfions and steady-state enzyme kinetic properties of wild-type and mutant DNA repair enzymes generated in this Program Project, using high-throughput fluorimetric assays

Public Health Relevance

Core B will play an integral role in providing purified proteins and performing quantitative analyses of the properties of DNA glycosylases and recombination proteins. We expect the results of the studies proposed with this Program Project to advance our understanding of how DNA repair protein variants contribute to cancer susceptibility and as well provide useful targets for cancer therapy.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Research Program Projects (P01)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1-RPRB-0 (M1))
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University of Vermont & St Agric College
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Maher, R L; Marsden, C G; Averill, A M et al. (2017) Human cells contain a factor that facilitates the DNA glycosylase-mediated excision of oxidized bases from occluded sites in nucleosomes. DNA Repair (Amst) 57:91-97
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Galick, Heather A; Marsden, Carolyn G; Kathe, Scott et al. (2017) The NEIL1 G83D germline DNA glycosylase variant induces genomic instability and cellular transformation. Oncotarget 8:85883-85895
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Zhou, Jia; Chan, Jany; Lambelé, Marie et al. (2017) NEIL3 Repairs Telomere Damage during S Phase to Secure Chromosome Segregation at Mitosis. Cell Rep 20:2044-2056
Prakash, Aishwarya; Moharana, Kedar; Wallace, Susan S et al. (2017) Destabilization of the PCNA trimer mediated by its interaction with the NEIL1 DNA glycosylase. Nucleic Acids Res 45:2897-2909
Lee, Andrea J; Wallace, Susan S (2017) Hide and seek: How do DNA glycosylases locate oxidatively damaged DNA bases amidst a sea of undamaged bases? Free Radic Biol Med 107:170-178
Lee, Andrea J; Wallace, Susan S (2016) Visualizing the Search for Radiation-damaged DNA Bases in Real Time. Radiat Phys Chem Oxf Engl 1993 128:126-133

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