Cellular responses are heterogeneous, tissue specific, and a function of the history of a cell and its genome. In? dealing with the heterogeneity of multiple model systems plus in-vivo studies, each proposed project will generate? a large number of specimens for detailed quantitative and correlative analyses. The Imaging Bioinformatics Core? will complement and extend the presently developed BioSig framework with two objectives: (1) to provide a fully? annotated set of representative samples that are imaged at different resolutions, and (2) to populate databases? that link anonymous patient data to mammography, breast density and expression profile data plus data obtained? from histological analyses. For this objective annotation refers to user's input and feature-based representations? that are computed using image analysis techniques. The first goal will target Projects 2, 3, and 4, and the second? goal will target all Projects and Cores. Detailed quantitative representation of data enables comparative analysis? of images based on their content, while linking data from different modalities enables event correlation and? information visualization. Quantitative representation will be applied to (1) low-resolution compositional analysis of? breast density, (2) low-resolution 3D modeling of ductal tree structures from regions of high and low breast? density, (3) high-resolution 2D and 3D morphological and protein localization studies, and (4) analysis of? expression profiles in support of Project 2. Compositional analysis will investigate the ratio of epithelial, stroma? and adipose in low- and high-density regions. 3D representation of ductal tree structures enables comparative? morphological analysis between different regions of breast tissue and quantitative analysis of high-resolution? image data enables morphological and protein expression analysis using markers that target specific inter- and? intracellular activities in tissue or cultured multicellular systems. The Core will couple user-defined annotations? with the raw data and their computed annotations to (1) enable navigation between different data modalities, (2)? provide graph-based queries, and (3) view the results through a Web-based interface in the form of plots, scatter? diagrams, or images. This core enables sharing of data with collaborating investigators outside of the program? project. The core will leverage the BioSig framework (developed at LBNL) and GeneTraffic platform (developed at? lobion) in support of analysis of images through microscopy and microarray studies. The Core will extend the? current ontology for managing radiological data, construct 3D models of the breast from Egan slices, and develop? software tools to overlay gene expression and patterns of protein expression onto this 3D space for meaningful? information visualization. The Core will enable navigation and query of this heterogeneous data space through? graphical model, common schema, and controlled vocabulary. Quantitative representation of images and their? annotation will be accessible to the BioStatistics Core for detailed sensitivity analysis.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
5P01CA107584-02
Application #
7488337
Study Section
Subcommittee G - Education (NCI)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2007-03-01
Budget End
2008-02-29
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2007
Total Cost
$346,373
Indirect Cost
Name
University of California San Francisco
Department
Type
DUNS #
094878337
City
San Francisco
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94143
Gascard, Philippe; Tlsty, Thea D (2016) Carcinoma-associated fibroblasts: orchestrating the composition of malignancy. Genes Dev 30:1002-19
Rees, Elliott; Kendall, Kimberley; Pardiñas, Antonio F et al. (2016) Analysis of Intellectual Disability Copy Number Variants for Association With Schizophrenia. JAMA Psychiatry 73:963-969
Drake, Christopher R; Estévez-Salmerón, Luis; Gascard, Philippe et al. (2015) Towards aspirin-inspired self-immolating molecules which target the cyclooxygenases. Org Biomol Chem 13:11078-86
DeFilippis, Rosa Anna; Fordyce, Colleen; Patten, Kelley et al. (2014) Stress signaling from human mammary epithelial cells contributes to phenotypes of mammographic density. Cancer Res 74:5032-5044
Dumont, Nancy; Liu, Bob; Defilippis, Rosa Anna et al. (2013) Breast fibroblasts modulate early dissemination, tumorigenesis, and metastasis through alteration of extracellular matrix characteristics. Neoplasia 15:249-62
Roy, Somdutta; Gascard, Philippe; Dumont, Nancy et al. (2013) Rare somatic cells from human breast tissue exhibit extensive lineage plasticity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:4598-603
Kerlikowske, Karla; Zhu, Weiwei; Hubbard, Rebecca A et al. (2013) Outcomes of screening mammography by frequency, breast density, and postmenopausal hormone therapy. JAMA Intern Med 173:807-16
Braithwaite, Dejana; Mandelblatt, Jeanne S; Kerlikowske, Karla (2013) To screen or not to screen older women for breast cancer: a conundrum. Future Oncol 9:763-6
DeFilippis, Rosa Anna; Chang, Hang; Dumont, Nancy et al. (2012) CD36 repression activates a multicellular stromal program shared by high mammographic density and tumor tissues. Cancer Discov 2:826-39
Fordyce, Colleen A; Patten, Kelley T; Fessenden, Tim B et al. (2012) Cell-extrinsic consequences of epithelial stress: activation of protumorigenic tissue phenotypes. Breast Cancer Res 14:R155

Showing the most recent 10 out of 19 publications