Vascular diseases are among the most common causes of morbidity and mortality in the Western world. A remarkable feature of these disorders is the local nature of their distribution;virtually all diseases are associated with focal pathological lesions in characteristic sites of the vascular tree. A key to understanding the mechanisms of focal vasculopathy is found within the endothelium. Endothelial cell (EC) phenotypes are differentially regulated in space and time. Phenotypic heterogeneity is governed largely at the level of gene expression. The integrating theme of this program is that cis-trans and epigenetics contribute to lineage determination and EC heterogeneity. The overall goal is to apply multidisciplinary approaches, including cutting-edge epigenetic assays, gene targeting, embryoid body differentiation assays, flow models and sepsis models to dissect the relative contribution of cis-trans and epigenetic forces in mediating lineage- and vascular bed-specific endothelial gene expression and phenotypes. The PPG integrates investigators with diverse expertise required to advance our understanding of gene regulation in the endothelium. Project 1 (""""""""Spatial and temporal dynamics of von Willebrand factor (vWF) gene expression"""""""";William C. Aird, Project Leader) focuses on molecular mechanisms governing vWF expression in health and disease. Project 2 (""""""""Transcriptional regulation of endothelial differentiation by ERG"""""""";Peter Oettgen, Project Leader) explores the role of the ETS transcription factor ERG in the regulation of EC differentiation, vascular development, and human endothelial progenitor cell function. Project 3 (""""""""Endothelial lineage diversity: role of epigenetics"""""""";Philip Marsden, Project Leader) examines the role of epigenetic forces in mediating endothelial cell-specific gene expression of eNOS. Core A (""""""""Administrative Support"""""""";William C. Aird, Core Leader) provides standard administrative support, including the coordination of all applicable statutory compliance, for the Program. Core B (""""""""Epigenetics Core"""""""";John Whetstine, Core Leader) provides expertise and technical support for studying epigenetic modification of endothelial genes. Core C (""""""""Gene Targeting Core"""""""";William C. Aird, Core Leader) provides the necessary tools for targeting the Hprt locus and the loci of endogenous genes in ES cells and mice.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Research Program Projects (P01)
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Heart, Lung, and Blood Initial Review Group (HLBP)
Program Officer
Hasan, Ahmed AK
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Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
United States
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Rowe, Glenn C; Raghuram, Srilatha; Jang, Cholsoon et al. (2014) PGC-1? induces SPP1 to activate macrophages and orchestrate functional angiogenesis in skeletal muscle. Circ Res 115:504-17
Aird, William C; Mosnier, Laurent O; Fairhurst, Rick M (2014) Plasmodium falciparum picks (on) EPCR. Blood 123:163-7

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