Cancer Genomics and Cell Growth Research in the newly developed Cancer Genomics and Cell Growth Program focuses on genetic and molecular events controlling normal versus malignant cell proliferation, differentiation and survival. The overall goal of the program is to define biologically significant genetic and molecular alterations in tumor cells so that information can be used to more effectively detect and treat human cancers. There are two major overlapping research themes within the program. Theme 1 is the study of genomic organization and cancer gene expression / analysis, which focuses on identifying and characterizing key genetic events related to cancer. Theme 2 involves the study of cell growth, differentiation, survival and transformation. Research within this theme examines the functional roles of eukaryotic genes and viruses in fundamental cell processes that contribute to tumor cell development and metastasis. Major accomplishments of the Cancer Genomics and Cell Growth Program over the past funding period include identification and characterization of novel cancer genes and/or biomarkers, development of novel animal tumor models to discover and assess cancer gene function in vivo, and studies defining the molecular involvement of human papilloma viruses in cervical as well as Head and Neck cancers. There are numerous past and present productive collaborations between members of the Program and with members of other Cancer Center programs. Key examples of intraprogrammatic research collaborations include a) studies revealing the role of chromatin binding proteins (such as RPA, DNA polymerases, HPl, transcription factors) in gene expression and how that impacts the cancer phenotype, b) studies defining basic mechanisms of viral infection and replication, and how that leads to cell transformation, and c) the discovery and subsequent functional analysis of novel genetic pathways of carcinogenesis. There are currently 16 NIH and NCI funded projects involving multiple Program members and/or HCCC members from other programs serving as co-Investigators. This new program consists of 36 members from 15 departments (11 basic science and 4 clinical departments) and 4 Colleges. Peer-reviewed, research funding for this program totals $9,107,617 with $2,741,157 (30%) coming from the NCI Program members published 312 cancer-related publications over the prior funding period. Of these, 14% were intraprogrammatic, 17% were inter-programmatic and 8% were both intra and inter-programmatic, for a total of 39% collaborative publications.

Public Health Relevance

Cancer is a disease of abnormal cell growth, survival and checkpoint regulation that results from altered gene expression. Our research is advancing our fundamental understanding of essential genes/genetic events and mechanisms that mediate the tumor cell phenotype. Such information has broad translational significance for genetic testing and diagnosis of human cancers, improved tumor classification and predicted outcomes, and development of novel anticancer therapies that target key events and regulators of carcinogenesis.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
5P30CA086862-14
Application #
8640095
Study Section
Subcommittee G - Education (NCI)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2014-04-01
Budget End
2015-03-31
Support Year
14
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$31,863
Indirect Cost
$28,739
Name
University of Iowa
Department
Type
DUNS #
062761671
City
Iowa City
State
IA
Country
United States
Zip Code
52242
Gupta, Gaurav; Kuppachi, Sarat; Kalil, Roberto S et al. (2018) Treatment for presumed BK polyomavirus nephropathy and risk of urinary tract cancers among kidney transplant recipients in the United States. Am J Transplant 18:245-252
Garje, Rohan; Chau, Justin J; Chung, Jina et al. (2018) Acute Flare of Bullous Pemphigus With Pembrolizumab Used for Treatment of Metastatic Urothelial Cancer. J Immunother 41:42-44
Ruiz Ciancio, Dario; Vargas, Mauricio R; Thiel, William H et al. (2018) Aptamers as Diagnostic Tools in Cancer. Pharmaceuticals (Basel) 11:
Triplette, Matthew; Crothers, Kristina; Mahale, Parag et al. (2018) Risk of lung cancer in lung transplant recipients in the United States. Am J Transplant :
Andrew, Megan; Kim, Yusung; Ginader, Timothy et al. (2018) Reduction of applicator displacement in MR/CT-guided cervical cancer HDR brachytherapy by the use of patient hover transport system. J Contemp Brachytherapy 10:85-90
Buchakjian, Marisa R; Ginader, Timothy; Tasche, Kendall K et al. (2018) Independent Predictors of Prognosis Based on Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma Surgical Margins. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 159:675-682
Keck, Kendall J; Breheny, Patrick; Braun, Terry A et al. (2018) Changes in gene expression in small bowel neuroendocrine tumors associated with progression to metastases. Surgery 163:232-239
Schoenfeld, Joshua D; Sibenaller, Zita A; Mapuskar, Kranti A et al. (2018) Redox active metals and H2O2 mediate the increased efficacy of pharmacological ascorbate in combination with gemcitabine or radiation in pre-clinical sarcoma models. Redox Biol 14:417-422
Kelpsch, Daniel J; Tootle, Tina L (2018) Nuclear Actin: From Discovery to Function. Anat Rec (Hoboken) 301:1999-2013
Dhakal, Kiran; Gadupudi, Gopi S; Lehmler, Hans-Joachim et al. (2018) Sources and toxicities of phenolic polychlorinated biphenyls (OH-PCBs). Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 25:16277-16290

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