This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing theresources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. The subproject andinvestigator (PI) may have received primary funding from another NIH source,and thus could be represented in other CRISP entries. The institution listed isfor the Center, which is not necessarily the institution for the investigator.Voltage-dependent K+ channels rely on precise dynamic protein interactions with surrounding plasma membrane lipids to facilitate complex processes such as voltage sensing and channel gating. Many transmembrane-spanning proteins use palmitoylation to facilitate dynamic membrane interactions. Herein, we demonstrate that the human Kv1.1 ion channel is palmitoylated in the cytosolic portion of the S2-S3 linker domain at residue C243. Through heterologous expression of the human Kv1.1 protein in Sf9 cells, covalent radiolabeling with [3H]palmitate, chemical stability studies of the [3H]-palmitoylated protein, and site-directed mutagenesis, C243 was identified as the predominant site of palmitoylation. The functional sequelae of palmitoylation were examined by analysis of whole cell currents from WT and mutant channels, which identified a 20-mV leftward shift in the current-voltage relationship when palmitoylation at C243 (but not with other cysteine deletions) is prevented by site-directed mutagenesis, implicating a role for palmitoylated C243 in modulating voltage sensing through protein-membrane interactions. Database searches identified an amino acid palmitoylation consensus motif (ACP/RSKT) that is present in multiple other members of the Shaker subfamily of K+ channels and in several other unrelated regulatory proteins (e.g., CD36, nitric oxide synthase type 2, and the mannose-6 phosphate receptor) that are known to be palmitoylated by thioester linkages at the predicted consensus site cysteine residue. Collectively, these results (i) identify palmitoylation as a mechanism for K+ channel interactions with plasma membrane lipids contributing to electric field-induced conformational alterations, and ii) define an amino acid consensus sequence for protein palmitoylation.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BPC-H (40))
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Washington University
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
Saint Louis
United States
Zip Code
Yue, Xuyi; Dhavale, Dhruva D; Li, Junfeng et al. (2018) Design, synthesis, and in vitro evaluation of quinolinyl analogues for ?-synuclein aggregation. Bioorg Med Chem Lett 28:1011-1019
Ohlemacher, Shannon I; Giblin, Daryl E; d'Avignon, D André et al. (2017) Enterobacteria secrete an inhibitor of Pseudomonas virulence during clinical bacteriuria. J Clin Invest 127:4018-4030
Lin, Xiaobo; Racette, Susan B; Ma, Lina et al. (2017) Endogenous Cholesterol Excretion Is Negatively Associated With Carotid Intima-Media Thickness in Humans. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 37:2364-2369
Ovod, Vitaliy; Ramsey, Kara N; Mawuenyega, Kwasi G et al. (2017) Amyloid ? concentrations and stable isotope labeling kinetics of human plasma specific to central nervous system amyloidosis. Alzheimers Dement 13:841-849
Cade, W Todd; Levy, Philip T; Tinius, Rachel A et al. (2017) Markers of maternal and infant metabolism are associated with ventricular dysfunction in infants of obese women with type 2 diabetes. Pediatr Res 82:768-775
Lucey, Brendan P; Mawuenyega, Kwasi G; Patterson, Bruce W et al. (2017) Associations Between ?-Amyloid Kinetics and the ?-Amyloid Diurnal Pattern in the Central Nervous System. JAMA Neurol 74:207-215
Wei, Xiaochao; Song, Haowei; Yin, Li et al. (2016) Fatty acid synthesis configures the plasma membrane for inflammation in diabetes. Nature 539:294-298
Shields-Cutler, Robin R; Crowley, Jan R; Miller, Connelly D et al. (2016) Human Metabolome-derived Cofactors Are Required for the Antibacterial Activity of Siderocalin in Urine. J Biol Chem 291:25901-25910
Mertins, Philipp; Mani, D R; Ruggles, Kelly V et al. (2016) Proteogenomics connects somatic mutations to signalling in breast cancer. Nature 534:55-62
Murata, Takahiro; Dietrich, Hans H; Horiuchi, Tetsuyoshi et al. (2016) Mechanisms of magnesium-induced vasodilation in cerebral penetrating arterioles. Neurosci Res 107:57-62

Showing the most recent 10 out of 696 publications