Nitronyl nitroxides have been used to detect nitric oxide released from nitrosovasodilators. The vasorelaxant activity of Angeli's salt (Na2N2O3) has been attributed to formation of nitroxyl (HNO) species, followed by one-electron oxidation of HNO to nitric oxide. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of nitronyl nitroxide on the vasodilatory effect of Angeli's salt in myocardium. The reaction between nitronyl nitroxide and Angeli's salt was followed by ESR spectral changes from a five-line pattern from nitronyl nitroxides to a nine-line pattern for imino nitroxides. In isolated rat hearts (n=8/group), Angeli's salt (15 fmol/l) increased coronary flow to a maximum of 187q4% baseline, which was antagonized by hemoglobin (4 fmol/l) and nitronyl nitroxide (400 fmol/l) from 187q4% to 152q1% and 130q1% of baseline, respectively (p<0.05 as compared with control). We conclude that coronary vascular relaxation elicited by Angeli's salt is mediated by nitric oxide and that nitronyl nitroxide inhibits the vasorelaxation by trapping nitric oxide.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR001008-21
Application #
5222111
Study Section
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
21
Fiscal Year
1996
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Shan, Guo-Qiang; Yu, Ao; Zhao, Chuan-Fang et al. (2015) A combined experimental and computational investigation on the unusual molecular mechanism of the Lossen rearrangement reaction activated by carcinogenic halogenated quinones. J Org Chem 80:180-9
Mao, Li; Liu, Yu-Xiang; Huang, Chun-Hua et al. (2015) Intrinsic Chemiluminescence Generation during Advanced Oxidation of Persistent Halogenated Aromatic Carcinogens. Environ Sci Technol 49:7940-7
Li, Yan; Huang, Chun-Hua; Liu, Yu-Xiang et al. (2014) Detoxifying polyhalogenated catechols through a copper-chelating agent by forming stable and redox-inactive hydrogen-bonded complexes with an unusual perpendicular structure. Chemistry 20:13028-33
Shao, Jie; Huang, Chun-Hua; Kalyanaraman, Balaraman et al. (2013) Potent methyl oxidation of 5-methyl-2'-deoxycytidine by halogenated quinoid carcinogens and hydrogen peroxide via a metal-independent mechanism. Free Radic Biol Med 60:177-82
Sheng, Zhi-Guo; Li, Yan; Fan, Rui-Mei et al. (2013) Lethal synergism between organic and inorganic wood preservatives via formation of an unusual lipophilic ternary complex. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 266:335-44
Qin, Hao; Huang, Chun-Hua; Mao, Li et al. (2013) Molecular mechanism of metal-independent decomposition of lipid hydroperoxide 13-HPODE by halogenated quinoid carcinogens. Free Radic Biol Med 63:459-66
Huang, Chun-Hua; Shan, Guo-Qiang; Mao, Li et al. (2013) The first purification and unequivocal characterization of the radical form of the carbon-centered quinone ketoxy radical adduct. Chem Commun (Camb) 49:6436-8
Sheng, Zhi-Guo; Huang, Wei; Liu, Yu-Xiang et al. (2013) Ofloxacin induces apoptosis via ?1 integrin-EGFR-Rac1-Nox2 pathway in microencapsulated chondrocytes. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 267:74-87
Sheng, Zhi-Guo; Huang, Wei; Liu, Yu-Xiang et al. (2013) Bisphenol A at a low concentration boosts mouse spermatogonial cell proliferation by inducing the G protein-coupled receptor 30 expression. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 267:88-94
Liddle, Brendan J; Wanniarachchi, Sarath; Hewage, Jeewantha S et al. (2012) Electronic communication across diamagnetic metal bridges: a homoleptic gallium(III) complex of a redox-active diarylamido-based ligand and its oxidized derivatives. Inorg Chem 51:12720-8

Showing the most recent 10 out of 368 publications