This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing theresources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. The subproject andinvestigator (PI) may have received primary funding from another NIH source,and thus could be represented in other CRISP entries. The institution listed isfor the Center, which is not necessarily the institution for the investigator.In x-ray solution scattering, the means to vary the electron density of the solvent in order to change the x-ray contrast are rather limited mainly due to the chemical influence of the contrast agent on the system. As a result the method has not gained as much popularity as its counterpart in neutron scattering. Yet, applied to aqueous solutions of membrane proteins reconstituted in lipid vesicles or bicelles the method has the potential to distinguish between the lipid and the protein scattering intensities. With this ability the technique of small angle solution scattering to determine the shape of soluble proteins could be extended to certain membrane proteins. A project was started on BL4-2 to explore the possibilities of this approach. Sucrose was chosen as a contrast agent as it is expected to have only a weak effect on the bilayer structure of the lipid. Starting with pure lipid bicelles we have shown that only small changes in lateral size of the bicelles can be observed up to a sucrose concentration of about 30% (w/w) in the aqueous phase. Thus one can assume that a protein embedded in the lipid bicelle will not experience significant changes in its environment due to the addition of the sucrose. We will continue to study the effects of contrast agents in the next series of experiments.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR001209-28
Application #
7598021
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BPC-E (40))
Project Start
2007-03-01
Project End
2008-02-29
Budget Start
2007-03-01
Budget End
2008-02-29
Support Year
28
Fiscal Year
2007
Total Cost
$2,182
Indirect Cost
Name
Stanford University
Department
Chemistry
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
009214214
City
Stanford
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94305
Vickers, Chelsea; Liu, Feng; Abe, Kento et al. (2018) Endo-fucoidan hydrolases from glycoside hydrolase family 107 (GH107) display structural and mechanistic similarities to ?-l-fucosidases from GH29. J Biol Chem 293:18296-18308
Nguyen, Phong T; Lai, Jeffrey Y; Lee, Allen T et al. (2018) Noncanonical role for the binding protein in substrate uptake by the MetNI methionine ATP Binding Cassette (ABC) transporter. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115:E10596-E10604
Aleman, Fernando; Tzarum, Netanel; Kong, Leopold et al. (2018) Immunogenetic and structural analysis of a class of HCV broadly neutralizing antibodies and their precursors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115:7569-7574
Herrera, Nadia; Maksaev, Grigory; Haswell, Elizabeth S et al. (2018) Elucidating a role for the cytoplasmic domain in the Mycobacterium tuberculosis mechanosensitive channel of large conductance. Sci Rep 8:14566
Lal, Neeraj K; Nagalakshmi, Ugrappa; Hurlburt, Nicholas K et al. (2018) The Receptor-like Cytoplasmic Kinase BIK1 Localizes to the Nucleus and Regulates Defense Hormone Expression during Plant Innate Immunity. Cell Host Microbe 23:485-497.e5
Pluvinage, Benjamin; Grondin, Julie M; Amundsen, Carolyn et al. (2018) Molecular basis of an agarose metabolic pathway acquired by a human intestinal symbiont. Nat Commun 9:1043
Beyerlein, Kenneth R; J├Ânsson, H Olof; Alonso-Mori, Roberto et al. (2018) Ultrafast nonthermal heating of water initiated by an X-ray Free-Electron Laser. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115:5652-5657
Yoshizawa, Takuya; Ali, Rustam; Jiou, Jenny et al. (2018) Nuclear Import Receptor Inhibits Phase Separation of FUS through Binding to Multiple Sites. Cell 173:693-705.e22
Morrison, Christine N; Spatzal, Thomas; Rees, Douglas C (2017) Reversible Protonated Resting State of the Nitrogenase Active Site. J Am Chem Soc 139:10856-10862
Zhang, Haonan; Qiao, Anna; Yang, Dehua et al. (2017) Structure of the full-length glucagon class B G-protein-coupled receptor. Nature 546:259-264

Showing the most recent 10 out of 604 publications