The distribution of voltage sensitive sodium channels on axons in the dorsal and ventral spinal roots of the dystrophic mouse 129/ReJ-Lama2dy was determined using immunocytochemistry. In these nerves there are regions in which Schwann cells fail to proliferate and myelinate axons in a normal fashion, leaving bundles of closely packed large diameter amyelinated axons. We have identified discrete and focal concentrations of sodium channel immunoreactivity on these axons by confocal immunofluorescence, immunoelectron microscopy and Intermediate Voltage Electron Microscopy (IVEM) using a peptide-derived polyclonal antibody. In addition, simultaneous labeling with an antibody recognizing neuronal-specific ankyrinG revealed a distinct colocalization with the sodium channels on both normal and amyelinated axons. The presence of patches of sodium channels along with their anchoring protein on amyelinated axons in the absence of intervening Schwann cells demonstrates that axons can independently form and maintain these initial aggregations. This confirms that direct contact between Schwann cell and axon is not required for the formation of sodium channel patches of nodal dimensions and density. Furthermore, this strongly suggests that local transfer of sodium channels from Schwann cells to axons is not required for this process. This work was published in the Journal of Neuroscience (Deerinck et al., J. Neurosci., 17: 5080-5088, 1997).

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR004050-10
Application #
6282144
Study Section
Project Start
1998-04-01
Project End
1999-03-31
Budget Start
1997-10-01
Budget End
1998-09-30
Support Year
10
Fiscal Year
1998
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
University of California San Diego
Department
Type
DUNS #
077758407
City
La Jolla
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
92093
Funakoshi, Shunsuke; Miki, Kenji; Takaki, Tadashi et al. (2016) Enhanced engraftment, proliferation, and therapeutic potential in heart using optimized human iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes. Sci Rep 6:19111
Rubio-Marrero, Eva N; Vincelli, Gabriele; Jeffries, Cy M et al. (2016) Structural Characterization of the Extracellular Domain of CASPR2 and Insights into Its Association with the Novel Ligand Contactin1. J Biol Chem 291:5788-802
Yin, Xinghua; Kidd, Grahame J; Ohno, Nobuhiko et al. (2016) Proteolipid protein-deficient myelin promotes axonal mitochondrial dysfunction via altered metabolic coupling. J Cell Biol 215:531-542
Zhao, Claire Y; Greenstein, Joseph L; Winslow, Raimond L (2016) Roles of phosphodiesterases in the regulation of the cardiac cyclic nucleotide cross-talk signaling network. J Mol Cell Cardiol 91:215-27
Rajagopal, Vijay; Bass, Gregory; Walker, Cameron G et al. (2015) Examination of the Effects of Heterogeneous Organization of RyR Clusters, Myofibrils and Mitochondria on Ca2+ Release Patterns in Cardiomyocytes. PLoS Comput Biol 11:e1004417
Schachtrup, Christian; Ryu, Jae Kyu; Mammadzada, Könül et al. (2015) Nuclear pore complex remodeling by p75(NTR) cleavage controls TGF-? signaling and astrocyte functions. Nat Neurosci 18:1077-80
Sanders, Matthew A; Madoux, Franck; Mladenovic, Ljiljana et al. (2015) Endogenous and Synthetic ABHD5 Ligands Regulate ABHD5-Perilipin Interactions and Lipolysis in Fat and Muscle. Cell Metab 22:851-60
Takeshima, Hiroshi; Hoshijima, Masahiko; Song, Long-Sheng (2015) Ca²? microdomains organized by junctophilins. Cell Calcium 58:349-56
Mills, Elizabeth A; Davis, Chung-ha O; Bushong, Eric A et al. (2015) Astrocytes phagocytose focal dystrophies from shortening myelin segments in the optic nerve of Xenopus laevis at metamorphosis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 112:10509-14
Kim, K-Y; Perkins, G A; Shim, M S et al. (2015) DRP1 inhibition rescues retinal ganglion cells and their axons by preserving mitochondrial integrity in a mouse model of glaucoma. Cell Death Dis 6:e1839

Showing the most recent 10 out of 384 publications