This core, which serves all projects in the Center, has two primary functions related to coding and analysis of behavioral observation data. First, it will provide a centralized infrastructure that will ensure consistent and reliable observational data across Center research projects. Second, it will enhance the capacity of Center investigators to gather, code, and analyze behavioral observation data in current and future research. Coding is a central component of the proposed Center for several reasons. First, consistent with recent calls for the use of multiple levels of analysis in understanding developmental phenomena, behavioral coding allows for examination of key individual and interactional phenomena at a number of levels. For example, in Projects 1 and 2, both real-time, microsocial coding and qualitative coding will be used to examine parental sensitivity, responsiveness, and limit-setting. Second, it will allow us to look across species (nonhuman primates and humans) and human populations (postinstitutionalized adoptees and foster children) at common elements of the conceptual model. Third, coded observational data can be combined with self- report data and information obtained by other informants to develop multimethod, multiagent composite and latent construct scores that might have greater generalizability than single-source measures. These composite scores and constructs will be employed in multivariate modeling and other statistical analyses in a number of the planned projects. The PI for the core is Fisher, and the primary site will be the Oregon Social Learning Center (OSLC). The second coding site will be Emory University, where all primate coding will occur under the direction of Sanchez and McCormack (Co-l). Pears, Dozier and Carlson will also serve as Co-Is. The proposed core continues the tradition of theoretical integration that has marked collaborations among Center scientists. As with the centralized saliva assay activities for all Center research (see Assay/Genetics Core), centralized coding is cost effective and allows for a high degree of consistency in the data across projects.
Children who experience early adversity are at significant risk for emotional and cognitive problems. We integrate work on toddlers in foster care, toddlers adopted from orphanages, and Rhesus infants abused by their mothers to understand how these experiences affect the development of brain systems involved in emotion and attention. We also focus on types of parenting that help neurobehavioral recovery..
|Olson, Anneke E; Kim, Hyoun K; Bruce, Jacqueline et al. (2018) General Cognitive Ability as an Early Indicator of Problem Behavior Among Toddlers in Foster Care. J Dev Behav Pediatr :|
|Zhang, Shu; Jiang, Xi; Zhang, Wei et al. (2018) Joint representation of connectome-scale structural and functional profiles for identification of consistent cortical landmarks in macaque brain. Brain Imaging Behav :|
|Wakeford, Alison G P; Morin, Elyse L; Bramlett, Sara N et al. (2018) A review of nonhuman primate models of early life stress and adolescent drug abuse. Neurobiol Stress 9:188-198|
|Drury, Stacy S; Howell, Brittany R; Jones, Christopher et al. (2017) Shaping long-term primate development: Telomere length trajectory as an indicator of early maternal maltreatment and predictor of future physiologic regulation. Dev Psychopathol 29:1539-1551|
|Zhang, Wei; Jiang, Xi; Zhang, Shu et al. (2017) Connectome-scale functional intrinsic connectivity networks in macaques. Neuroscience 364:1-14|
|Frenkel, Tahl I; Koss, Kalsea J; Donzella, Bonny et al. (2017) ADHD Symptoms in Post-Institutionalized Children Are Partially Mediated by Altered Frontal EEG Asymmetry. J Abnorm Child Psychol 45:857-869|
|Jankowski, Kathryn F; Bruce, Jacqueline; Beauchamp, Kathryn G et al. (2017) Preliminary evidence of the impact of early childhood maltreatment and a preventive intervention on neural patterns of response inhibition in early adolescence. Dev Sci 20:|
|Lawler, Jamie M; Koss, Kalsea J; Gunnar, Megan R (2017) Bidirectional effects of parenting and child behavior in internationally adopting families. J Fam Psychol 31:563-573|
|Howell, Brittany R; McMurray, Matthew S; Guzman, Dora B et al. (2017) Maternal buffering beyond glucocorticoids: impact of early life stress on corticolimbic circuits that control infant responses to novelty. Soc Neurosci 12:50-64|
|Clark, Caron A C; Skowron, Elizabeth A; Giuliano, Ryan J et al. (2016) Intersections between cardiac physiology, emotion regulation and interpersonal warmth in preschoolers: Implications for drug abuse prevention from translational neuroscience. Drug Alcohol Depend 163 Suppl 1:S60-9|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 95 publications