This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing theresources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. The subproject andinvestigator (PI) may have received primary funding from another NIH source,and thus could be represented in other CRISP entries. The institution listed isfor the Center, which is not necessarily the institution for the investigator.Contraception provides significant preventative health benefits by reducing unintended pregnancy, abortions, and unwanted births. As side effects, access, and cultural or moral objections limit the universal acceptance of current methods, research into novel contraceptives is warranted. The purpose of this grant is to explore the hypotheses that selective expression of phosphodiesterase (PDE) isoforms exists in the primate ovary, that selective blockade of PDE3 can be exploited to prevent spontaneous and gonadotropin-induced oocyte maturation, and that chronic treatment with a PDE3 inhibitor can prevent pregnancy in primates without affecting menstrual cyclicity or luteal function.
The Specific Aims are to (1) describe the basic biology of PDE expression in the primate ovary; (2) to determine if PDE3 inhibitors prevent oocyte maturation, but not ovulation and function of the corpus luteum in rhesus monkeys undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) protocols or during natural cycles in vivo; and (3) to determine whether PDE3 inhibitors function as contraceptive agents in regularly cycling rhesus monkeys in paired mating situations.
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|Slayden, Ov Daniel; Friason, Francis Kathryn E; Bond, Kise Rosen et al. (2018) Hormonal regulation of oviductal glycoprotein 1 (OVGP1; MUC9) in the rhesus macaque cervix. J Med Primatol 47:362-370|
|Dissen, G A; Adachi, K; Lomniczi, A et al. (2017) Engineering a gene silencing viral construct that targets the cat hypothalamus to induce permanent sterility: An update. Reprod Domest Anim 52 Suppl 2:354-358|
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