This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing theresources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. The subproject andinvestigator (PI) may have received primary funding from another NIH source,and thus could be represented in other CRISP entries. The institution listed isfor the Center, which is not necessarily the institution for the investigator.The association between CD4+ T-cell depletion and an accelerated rate of disease progression is well established for HIV infection in humans and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection in macaques. However, SIV infection in its natural primate host (i.e. sooty mangabeys) results in near normal levels of CD4+ T-cells despite similar plasma viral loads. Recent evidence suggests that the absence of clinical symptoms in SIVsmm+ mangabeys corresponds with a lack of T cell activation and bystander apoptosis. Following transfer of plasma from a SIV+ mangabeys in the Yerkes colony two mangabeys exhibited a decline in CD4+ T cell levels to below 100 cells/ul of blood which is also observed in lymph nodes. These levels have remained between 18 and 100 cells/ul of blood for the past 6.5 years. The presence of AIDS defining CD4+ T-cell levels in SIV+ mangabeys is an uncommon occurrence within the Yerkes colony (only 4 of the 105 SIV+ mangabeys screened are CD4-low). The goal of these experiments to characterize the mechanisms behind the observation of CD4 depletion in the absence of activation induced apoptosis in these SIVsmm-passaged mangabeys.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Primate Research Center Grants (P51)
Project #
5P51RR000165-47
Application #
7562671
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRR1-CM-8 (01))
Project Start
2007-05-01
Project End
2008-04-30
Budget Start
2007-05-01
Budget End
2008-04-30
Support Year
47
Fiscal Year
2007
Total Cost
$52,365
Indirect Cost
Name
Emory University
Department
Otolaryngology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
066469933
City
Atlanta
State
GA
Country
United States
Zip Code
30322
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