This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. The CTS is responsible for synchronizing an organism to the external 24-hour day (referred to as entrainment) as well as providing internal synchronization between an organism's physiological systems. Problems seen when living under non-24 hour schedules can include decreased performance, jet-lag, and physical dysfunctions associated with shift work. In addition, circadian dysfunction has a high comorbidity with some sleep and mental disorders, e.g. both endogenous and winter depression. Sleep deficits, from whatever cause, are responsible for a number of physiological and behavioral problems including attention and performance deficits and have been linked with metabolic syndrome and other pathologies. The mechanism for generation of the daily circadian rhythm in the suprachiasmatic nucleus, the 'master clock'involves several negative feedback loops of expressed proteins affecting their own gene expression. Inhibition of a kinase, which is responsible for phosphorylation of a key clock protein PER, extends the timing of this feedback loop, effectively phase delaying the clock. These studies will determine the effects of a kinase inhibitor on phase shifting the rhesus CTS and altering sleep timing and pattern. In addition to increasing our knowledge of circadian rhythms and sleep, this information could be used to design pharmacological treatments that could be used to lessen the detrimental effects of shift work or jet lag, to enhance entrainment and sleep in affected groups, for example in the elderly.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Primate Research Center Grants (P51)
Project #
5P51RR000169-50
Application #
8357360
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRR1-CM-5 (01))
Project Start
2011-05-01
Project End
2012-04-30
Budget Start
2011-05-01
Budget End
2012-04-30
Support Year
50
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$50,419
Indirect Cost
Name
University of California Davis
Department
Veterinary Sciences
Type
Schools of Veterinary Medicine
DUNS #
047120084
City
Davis
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
95618
Day, George Q; Ng, Jillian; Oldt, Robert F et al. (2018) DNA-based Determination of Ancestry in Cynomolgus Macaques (Macaca fascicularis). J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci 57:432-442
Carroll, Timothy D; Jegaskanda, Sinthujan; Matzinger, Shannon R et al. (2018) A Lipid/DNA Adjuvant-Inactivated Influenza Virus Vaccine Protects Rhesus Macaques From Uncontrolled Virus Replication After Heterosubtypic Influenza A Virus Challenge. J Infect Dis 218:856-867
Midic, Uros; VandeVoort, Catherine A; Latham, Keith E (2018) Determination of single embryo sex in Macaca mulatta and Mus musculus RNA-Seq transcriptome profiles. Physiol Genomics 50:628-635
Almodovar, Sharilyn; Swanson, Jessica; Giavedoni, Luis D et al. (2018) Lung Vascular Remodeling, Cardiac Hypertrophy, and Inflammatory Cytokines in SHIVnef-Infected Macaques. Viral Immunol 31:206-222
Ciupe, Stanca M; Miller, Christopher J; Forde, Jonathan E (2018) A Bistable Switch in Virus Dynamics Can Explain the Differences in Disease Outcome Following SIV Infections in Rhesus Macaques. Front Microbiol 9:1216
Comrie, Alison E; Gray, Daniel T; Smith, Anne C et al. (2018) Different macaque models of cognitive aging exhibit task-dependent behavioral disparities. Behav Brain Res 344:110-119
Feng, Jun-Feng; Liu, Jing; Zhang, Lei et al. (2017) Electrical Guidance of Human Stem Cells in the Rat Brain. Stem Cell Reports 9:177-189
Han, Pengcheng; Nielsen, Megan; Song, Melissa et al. (2017) The Impact of Aging on Brain Pituitary Adenylate Cyclase Activating Polypeptide, Pathology and Cognition in Mice and Rhesus Macaques. Front Aging Neurosci 9:180
Pittet, Florent; Johnson, Crystal; Hinde, Katie (2017) Age at reproductive debut: Developmental predictors and consequences for lactation, infant mass, and subsequent reproduction in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Am J Phys Anthropol 164:457-476
Kyle, Colin T; Stokes, Jared; Bennett, Jeffrey et al. (2017) Cytoarchitectonically-driven MRI atlas of nonhuman primate hippocampus: Preservation of subfield volumes in aging. Hippocampus :

Showing the most recent 10 out of 408 publications