This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. The subproject and investigator (PI) may have received primary funding from another NIH source, and thus could be represented in other CRISP entries. The institution listed is for the Center, which is not necessarily the institution for the investigator. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a common, disabling and sometimes fatal chronic lung disease. It frequently accompanies premature birth and treatment of respiratory distress with artificial ventilation and high concentrations of inspired oxygen (hyperoxia). The biochemical basis of BPD is not well understood. In the baboon, exposure to hyperoxia is required treatment in both the ultra-premature (125 d) and premature (140) model of BPD. Hyperoxia damages mitochondria results in loss of aconitase activity, decreased mitochondrial and cell respiration, and loss of ATP. On that basis, this proposal s principal hypothesis is that adaptation to hyperoxic stress requires up-regulation of glycolytic, and/or glutaminolytic, enzymes. Because hexokinase rate- limits glycolysis in lung, it is hypothesized that expression of lung hexokinase(s) is up-regulated. Replacement of deficient mitochondrial anti-oxidants may alleviate early respiratory distress and resulting BPD and decrease up regulation of glycolytic enzymes. These hypotheses will be tested in these AIMS; 1) Determine differential expression of mRNA s encoding components of the mitochondrial porin complex-hexokinases (HKs), porins, and adenine nucleotide translocators (ANT), these same proteins, and relevant glycolytic and glutaminolytic enzymes; 2) Define early status of critical anti-oxidants (glutathione [GSH], thioredoxin [TRX], superoxide dismutases]), their precursors (S-adenosylmethionine), and oxidant target (aconitase) markers, and (3) Define the efficacy of early, continuous infusion of S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet), a precursor of cellular and mitochondrial glutathione (GSH), on these markers and pulmonary histopathology of BPD. Hexokinase binding to, or release from, mitochondria will be quantitied using immunogold electron microscopy. Activities of HK, phosphofructokinase, and additional critical glycolytic and glutaminolytic enzymes also will be assayed. Lung GSH, TRX, and AdoMet, as well as circulating GSH, AdoMet, and sulfur amino acids will be measured early in the 125 d model. Together, these approaches will help define whether changes in hexokinase activity expression, known to occur in lungs of adult rats made oxygen-tolerant, also occur in the premature newborn baboon. In addition, they will indicate whether or not increased expression of pulmonary glutamine- utilizing enzymes also occurs during pulmonary oxidative stress and whether anti-oxidant stress and whether anti-oxidant supplementation modifies these adaptations.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Primate Research Center Grants (P51)
Project #
5P51RR013986-08
Application #
7349773
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRR1-CM-8 (01))
Project Start
2006-05-01
Project End
2007-04-30
Budget Start
2006-05-01
Budget End
2007-04-30
Support Year
8
Fiscal Year
2006
Total Cost
$26,155
Indirect Cost
Name
Texas Biomedical Research Institute
Department
Type
DUNS #
007936834
City
San Antonio
State
TX
Country
United States
Zip Code
78245
Shelton, Elaine L; Waleh, Nahid; Plosa, Erin J et al. (2018) Effects of antenatal betamethasone on preterm human and mouse ductus arteriosus: comparison with baboon data. Pediatr Res 84:458-465
Perminov, Ekaterina; Mangosing, Sara; Confer, Alexandra et al. (2018) A case report of ovotesticular disorder of sex development (OT-DSD) in a baboon (Papio spp.) and a brief review of the non-human primate literature. J Med Primatol 47:192-197
Jensen, Jeffrey T; Hanna, Carol; Mishler, Emily et al. (2018) Effect of menstrual cycle phase and hormonal treatments on evaluation of tubal patency in baboons. J Med Primatol 47:40-45
Confer, Alexandra; Owston, Michael A; Kumar, Shyamesh et al. (2018) Multiple endocrine neoplasia-like syndrome in 24 baboons (Papio spp.). J Med Primatol 47:434-439
Mustonen, Allison; Gonzalez, Olga; Mendoza, Elda et al. (2018) Uremic encephalopathy in a rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta): A case report and a brief review of the veterinary literature. J Med Primatol :
Koistinen, Keith; Mullaney, Lisa; Bell, Todd et al. (2018) Coccidioidomycosis in Nonhuman Primates: Pathologic and Clinical Findings. Vet Pathol 55:905-915
Mahaney, Michael C; Karere, Genesio M; Rainwater, David L et al. (2018) Diet-induced early-stage atherosclerosis in baboons: Lipoproteins, atherogenesis, and arterial compliance. J Med Primatol 47:3-17
Mangosing, Sara; Perminov, Ekaterina; Gonzalez, Olga et al. (2018) Uterine Tumors Resembling Ovarian Sex Cord Tumors in Four Baboons ( Papio spp.). Vet Pathol 55:753-758
Joganic, Jessica L; Willmore, Katherine E; Richtsmeier, Joan T et al. (2018) Additive genetic variation in the craniofacial skeleton of baboons (genus Papio) and its relationship to body and cranial size. Am J Phys Anthropol 165:269-285
Termini, James M; Magnani, Diogo M; Maxwell, Helen S et al. (2017) Simian T Lymphotropic Virus 1 Infection of Papio anubis: tax Sequence Heterogeneity and T Cell Recognition. J Virol 91:

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